Abdul Naveed Shaik

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The anticoagulant drug warfarin and the lipid-lowering statin drugs are commonly co-administered to patients with cardiovascular diseases. Clinically significant drug-drug interactions (DDIs) between these drugs have been recognized through case studies for many years, but the biochemical mechanisms causing these interactions have not been explained fully.(More)
Warfarin is an anticoagulant used in the treatment of thrombosis and thromboembolism. It is given as a racemic mixture of R and S enantiomers. These two enantiomers show differences in metabolism by CYPs: S-warfarin undergoes 7 hydroxylation by CYP2C9 and R-warfarin by CYP3A4 to form 10 hydroxy warfarin. In addition, warfarin is acted upon by different CYPs(More)
1-Aminobenzotriazole, a known time-dependent inhibitor of cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes, and ketoconazole, a strong inhibitor of the human CYP3A4 isozyme, are used as standard probe inhibitors to characterize the CYP and/or non-CYP-mediated metabolism of xenobiotics. In the present investigation, 1-Aminobenzotriazole and ketoconazole are characterized as(More)
Till date, no analytical method published to detect Cisplatin has been validated according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) guidance using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). We report, a validated LC-MS/MS method for quantitative determination of cisplatin in rat plasma and urine according to FDA guidlines. Cisplatin is a(More)
In last two decades, the field of drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics (DMPK) has been considerably improved due to various reasons, i.e., routine incorporation of DMPK into early drug discovery, better understanding of drug dispositional elements (drug metabolizing enzymes and uptake/efflux transporters) and implementation of optimized DMPK properties in(More)
Cytochrome P-450 (CYP) are the most common drug metabolizing enzymes and are abundantly expressed in liver apart from kidney, lungs, intestine, brain etc. Their expression levels change with physiological conditions and disease states. The expression of these CYPs is less in human foetus and neonates compared to adults, which results in lower clearance of(More)
Tolmetin (TMT, CAS 26171-23-3) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) indicated for the relief of signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. As TMT causes gastro-intestinal side effects like other NSAIDs, its nonacidic prodrug amtolmetin guacil (AMG, CAS 87344-06-7) was synthesized. AMG has(More)
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