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BACKGROUND There is a strong positive association between Framingham Risk Scores (FRS) in a population and incidence of hard coronary heart disease (hCHD) events. Under current Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines, individuals with FRS that indicate ≥20% 10-year risk of hCHD are recommended to receive intensive medical risk factor modification. We sought to(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess accurate skeletal age (SA) in clinical and medico-legal decisions using the Greulich-Pyle (GP) atlas and to see its applicability across diverse populations in Karachi. METHODS Hand-Wrist radiographs obtained at our institution from January 2005 to March 2008, for an indication of trauma, in subjects with chronological age (CA) up to(More)
Acetaldehyde production by non-pathogenic. Neisseria in human oral microflora: implications for carcinogenesis in upper aerodigestive tract. The effect of three mouthwashes on radiation-induced oral mucositis in patients with head and neck malignancies: A randomized control trial. Taviera. Macroscopic and microscopic study of tissue response to oral(More)
Technology assessment should touch upon four areas; utility, target population, cost and alternatives. Hybrid Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (PET/CT) is a promising modality for oncologic imaging. However, reservations about its accessibility and affordability prevail. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is an alternative with certain key(More)
OBJECTIVE Although intervention in asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis remains controversial, most carotid interventions are performed in asymptomatic individuals. Carotid duplex ultrasound is the diagnostic test that precedes more than 90% of carotid interventions. In terms of economic incentives, providers who perform carotid artery revascularization may(More)
OBJECTIVE The recent escalation in lower extremity revascularization procedures suggests a concomitant increase in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) screening. We hypothesized that self-referring physicians would show the greatest growth in noninvasive physiologic testing for PAD and similar trends for revascularization procedures. We compared utilization(More)
OBJECTIVE 60-80% of heart attacks or coronary-related deaths occur in individuals identified as non-high-risk per the conventional risk assessment algorithms. Abnormal ankle-brachial index (ABI), plasma fibrinogen and plasma C-reactive protein (CRP) have been shown to be associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, comparable data(More)
PURPOSE To determine the prevalence of an abnormal ankle-brachial index (ABI) among subjects not considered to be at high risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) based on the Framingham Risk Score (FRS). MATERIALS AND METHODS Data from the Population-Based Examinations to Determine Ankle-brachiaL index (PEDAL) Study (2007-2009), a cross-sectional study at(More)
INTRODUCTION Mesenteric panniculitis is a rare pathology of unknown etiology characterized by inflammation and fibrosis in the mesentery. Its protean clinical and radiological manifestations make it a diagnostic challenge. There is no established treatment available for its management. The clinical outcome is inconsistent, with the prognosis ranging from(More)
PURPOSE To report the results of a standard gamble-type survey conducted to explore patients' heuristics in regard to therapy for peripheral arterial disease (PAD). MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients presenting to a vascular and interventional radiology practice because of suspected PAD were asked to indicate their threshold for risk of amputation during a(More)