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The Pediatric Oncology Group study for metastatic Ewing's sarcoma used amifostine and mesna with the alkylating agents. To determine the fate of combined drug thiols, we measured thiol levels in plasma, red blood cells (RBC), and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of four patients. We also conducted analogous measurements on two patients who received(More)
PURPOSE WR-2721 [S-2-(3-aminopropylamino)ethylphosphorothioic acid] is a chemoprotective agent that is currently in pediatric clinical trials. It is a prodrug that is dephosphorylated by alkaline phosphatase to the active free thiol form, WR-1065 [S-2-(3-aminopropylamino)ethanethiol]. It is likely that adequate and sustained cellular levels of the drug are(More)
The binding of cisplatin to metallothionein (MT) was investigated at 37 degrees C in 10 mM Tris-NO3 (pH approximately 7.4) and 4.62 mM NaCl. The conditions were chosen to mimic passage of clinical concentrations of cisplatin through the cytosol. The reactions were monitored by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), atomic absorption spectroscopy,(More)
The reactions of cisplatin [cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II), CDDP] with glutathione (GSH) and drug thiols were investigated at 37 degrees C in 100 mM Tris-NO(3), pH approximately 7.4, using a clinically relevant concentration of CDDP (33 micro M), a large excess of GSH (16.5 mM), and [NaCl] of 4.62 mM. The conditions were designed to mimic passage of CDDP(More)
PURPOSE Previous WR-2721 human pharmacokinetic studies were limited to plasma levels in patients receiving platinum-based compounds, and none includes the effects of WR-2721 on endogenous thiols. In the present study (Pediatric Oncology Group study no. 9457), we measured the levels of WR-2721, its active metabolites, as well as cysteine and glutathione in(More)
PURPOSE Prognosis is poor for Ewing sarcoma patients with metastasis at diagnosis. We intensified a five-drug therapy (ifosfamide, etoposide alternated with vincristine, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide) using filgrastim but not stem-cell support. We studied topotecan alone and combined with cyclophosphamide in therapeutic windows before the five-drug(More)
BACKGROUND The aims of this study were to assess the seroprevalence of vaccine-preventable infections in Emirati medical students, and to provide scientific evidence for implementation of a cost-effective immunization guideline and policy for medical school admission. METHODS This prospective cohort study involved 261 (61% female) Emirati medical students(More)
The binding of platinum (Pt) drugs (oxaliplatin, carboplatin, and cisplatin) to glutathione (GSH, 6.75 mM) was investigated at 37 degrees C in Hepes (100 mM, pH approximately 7.4) or Tris-NO(3) (60 mM, pH 7.4) buffer and NaCl (4.62, 6.63, or 7.82 mM). The conditions were chosen to mimic passage of clinical concentrations of the drugs (135 microM) through(More)
OBJECTIVES In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), many vaccine-preventable diseases are notifiable and are often reported despite high estimated immunization coverage. The serological assessment of immunity against these infections (serosurveillance) complements disease surveillance (notification). This study aimed to assess the yet unmeasured serological(More)
INTRODUCTION A novel in vitro system was developed to measure O₂ consumption by murine tissues over several hours. METHODS Tissue specimens (7-35 mg) excised from male Balb/c mice were immediately immersed in ice-cold Krebs-Henseleit buffer, saturated with 95% O₂:5% CO₂. The specimens were incubated at 37 °C in the buffer, continuously gassed with O₂:CO₂(More)