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Macrophomina phaseolina is one of the most destructive necrotrophic fungal pathogens that infect more than 500 plant species throughout the world. It can grow rapidly in infected plants and subsequently produces a large amount of sclerotia that plugs the vessels, resulting in wilting of the plant. We sequenced and assembled ~49 Mb into 15 super-scaffolds(More)
BACKGROUND Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is common in the haemodialysis population. Identification and management of these patients can result in significant reduction in morbidity and mortality. Aim of the study was to find the prevalence of PEM in otherwise stable haemodialysis patients at Military Hospital Rawalpindi at a single point in time with(More)
BACKGROUND Bangladesh has achieved remarkable progress in healthcare with a steady decline in maternal and under-5 child mortality rates in efforts to achieve Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5. However, the mortality rates are still very high compared with high-income countries. The quality of healthcare needs improve to reduce mortality rates further.(More)
BACKGROUND It is estimated that 18.5 million Caesarean Sections (CS) are conducted annually worldwide and about one-third of them are done without medical indications and described as "unnecessary". Although developed countries account for most of the rise in the trend of unnecessary CS, more studies report a similar trend in developing countries, putting a(More)
INTRODUCTION Germ cell tumor of the pituitary gland is a very rare occurrence. CASE PRESENTATION We describe the case of a 28-year-old Malaysian Malay woman with lupus nephritis who complained of a three month headache and blurring of vision. She was found to have a pituitary mass, which was later proven to be a germ cell tumor. As of writing this case(More)
This research addresses a batch scheduling model for a single machine processing parts of a single item to minimize total actual flow time, defined as interval time from the arrival time to the due date. The part processing time is assumed to be increasing linearly with increasing the waiting time of the part from the batch completion time to its due date.(More)
BACKGROUND Better data on cause of, and factors contributing to, neonatal deaths are needed to improve interventions aimed at reducing neonatal mortality in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS Community surveillance to identify all neonatal deaths across four districts in Bangladesh. Verbal autopsy for every fifth case and InterVA-4 used to assign(More)