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INTRODUCTION Several neurological complications are associated with cerebral malaria (CM). However, few long-term data from childhood survivors have been published. METHODS A cross-sectional study was carried out in Mali among children followed from 1999 to 2002 after serious and complicated malaria. Our aim was to evaluate the persistent neurological(More)
BACKGROUND The predominant manifestations of severe malaria in African children are cerebral malaria (CM) and severe malarial anemia (SMA). As a first step toward a family-based approach to identify the environmental and genetic pathways that contribute to severe malaria, we tested whether it aggregates within families. METHODS Family history of severe(More)
BACKGROUND Home Management of Malaria (HMM) is one of the key strategies to reduce the burden of malaria for vulnerable population in endemic countries. It is based on the evidence that well-trained communities health workers can provide prompt and adequate care to patients close to their homes. The strategy has been shown to reduce malaria mortality and(More)
BACKGROUND The community case management of malaria (CCMm) is now an established route for distribution of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) in rural areas, but the feasibility and acceptability of the approach through community medicine distributors (CMD) in urban areas has not been explored. It is estimated that in 15 years time 50% of the(More)
One of the main driving forces of the growing adoption of virtualization is its dramatic simplification of the provisioning and dynamic management of IT resources. By decoupling running entities from the underlying physical resources, and by providing easy-to-use controls to allocate, deallocate and migrate virtual machines (VMs) across physical boundaries,(More)
BACKGROUND A Phase Ia trial in European volunteers of the candidate vaccine merozoite surface protein 3 (MSP3), a Plasmodium falciparum blood stage membrane, showed that it induces biologically active antibodies able to achieve parasite killing in vitro, while a phase Ib trial in semi-immune adult volunteers in Burkina Faso confirmed that the vaccine was(More)
Malaria remains a major public health problem due to the emergence and spread of Plasmodium falciparum drug resistance. There is an urgent need to investigate new sources of antimalarial drugs which are more effective against Plasmodium falciparum. One of the potential sources of antimalarial drugs is traditional medicinal plants. In this work, we studied(More)
BACKGROUND Intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in children (IPTc) is a highly efficacious method of malaria control where malaria transmission is highly seasonal. However, no studies published to date have examined community perceptions of IPTc. METHODS A qualitative study was undertaken in parallel with a double-blind, placebo-controlled,(More)
We have previously found that children heterozygous for IL4 variable-number tandem repeat (VNTR) (rs8179190) or IL4-33 (rs2070874) variants were at risk for severe malaria (SM), whereas homozygous children were protected suggesting a complex genetic control. Hence, to dissect this complex genetic control of IL4 VNTR and IL4-33, we performed further(More)