Abdoulaye Traore

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A procedure for the regeneration of cacao (Theobroma cacao) plants from staminode explants via somatic embryogenesis was developed. Rapidly growing calli were induced by culturing staminode explants on a DKW salts-based primary callus growth (PCG) medium supplemented with 20 g glucose per L, 9 μM 2,4-D, and thidiazuron (TDZ) at various concentrations. Calli(More)
The development of efficient tissue culture systems for cacao holds the potential to contribute to the improvement of this tropical erop by providing a rapid and efficient vegetative propagation system for multiplication of elite genotypes. It may also find application in facilitation of germplasm movement across quarantine borders, enhancement of germplasm(More)
In order to prevent the destruction of the ecology and to sustain the flora mainly for medicinal plants, we investigated on alternative parts taken from four plants already known to display antiplasmodial activities and largely used by traditional healers in sub-Saharan Africa. The evaluated parts are bark of trunk for Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides and leaves(More)
BACKGROUND The population exposed to malaria within African cities has steadily increased. However, comprehensive data on life-threatening malaria features and risk factors in children from urban areas with seasonal malaria transmission, such as in Bamako (Mali), are lacking. METHODS Children admitted to the Gabriel Touré Hospital in Bamako with severe(More)
The community case management of malaria (CCMm) is now an established route for distribution of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) in rural areas, but the feasibility and acceptability of the approach through community medicine distributors (CMD) in urban areas has not been explored. It is estimated that in 15 years time 50% of the African(More)
Home Management of Malaria (HMM) is one of the key strategies to reduce the burden of malaria for vulnerable population in endemic countries. It is based on the evidence that well-trained communities health workers can provide prompt and adequate care to patients close to their homes. The strategy has been shown to reduce malaria mortality and severe(More)
The role of the Th1 pathway in the pathogenesis of severe malaria is unclear. We recently reported that a polymorphism with increasing IFNG transcription is associated with protection against cerebral malaria (CM). Interleukin-12 is required for Th1 cell differentiation, which is characterized by the production of interferon-gamma. We investigated 21(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenic mechanisms of cerebral malaria (CM) are unclear but are thought to involve cytokine-mediated inflammation enhanced by parasite sequestration in the brain microcirculation. The role that interferon (IFN)-gamma could play that would enhance inflammation but also reduce parasitemia is unclear. METHODS Plasma IFN-gamma concentrations(More)
One of the main driving forces of the growing adoption of virtualization is its dramatic simplification of the provisioning and dynamic management of IT resources. By decoupling running entities from the underlying physical resources, and by providing easy-to-use controls to allocate, deallocate and migrate virtual machines (VMs) across physical boundaries,(More)
The hypothesis that tumor necrosis factor (TNF) aggravates malaria in children is supported by observations that TNF polymorphisms and high TNF levels have been associated with cerebral malaria. Nevertheless, severe malaria was not associated with polymorphisms located at positions -308A and -238A in the TNF alpha gene promoter or with a high TNF level in(More)