Abdesslam Chrachri

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Bath application of muscarinic agonists induced rhythmic motor activity in an in vitro preparation of the thoracic nervous system of the crayfish, Procambarus clarkii. In 70% of the cases, the rhythm was organized into 1 of the 2 normal patterns: "backward" walking or "forward" walking. In the rest (30%), the ganglion produced either a series of bursts of(More)
1. A new preparation of the thoracic nervous system of the crayfish, Procambarus clarkii, has been developed, in which it is possible to work with identified members of motor neuronal pools. 2. In such a preparation, it is possible to dissect all specific proximal motor nerves (protractor, retractor, anterior elevator, posterior elevator, and depressor).(More)
In a crayfish thoracic ganglion preparation, it has been possible to induce rhythmic motoneuron (MN) activity by bath application of cholinergic agonists such as oxotremorine or pilocarpine (10(-6) and 10(-5) M respectively). Intracellular recordings of the MN and injection of current pulses demonstrate that these cholinergic agonists are powerful inducers(More)
Cephalopods have arguably the largest and most complex nervous systems amongst the invertebrates; but despite the squid giant axon being one of the best studied nerve cells in neuroscience, and the availability of superb information on the morphology of some cephalopod brains, there is surprisingly little known about the operation of the neural networks(More)
Spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents (sEPSCs) were recorded from two different classes of neurons in the optic lobes of the cuttlefish brain and their synaptic activities analyzed and compared. The cell types were as follows: efferent centrifugal neurons, with cell bodies in the inner granule layer and axons projecting to the retina, and(More)
The effects of the neuropeptide FMRFa on spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents (sEPSCs) and inhibitory postsynaptic currents (sIPSCs), as well as on evoked EPSCs and IPSCs, in two types of neurons within the central optic lobe of cuttlefish were examined using the whole-cell voltage-clamp technique. FMRFa (1-10 micro m) did not affect cell membrane(More)
A new tissue slice preparation of the cuttlefish eye is described that permits patch-clamp recordings to be acquired from intact photoreceptors during stimulation of the retina with controlled light flashes. Whole-cell recordings using this preparation, from the retinas of very young Sepia officinalis demonstrated that the magnitude, latency, and kinetics(More)
The effects of dopamine on spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents (sEPSCs) and inhibitory postsynaptic currents (sIPSCs) in three different classes of neurones within the optic lobe of cuttlefish were investigated using whole-cell voltage clamp techniques in a slice preparation. The neuronal types were centrifugal and amacrine neurones, located in the(More)
The actions of the neuropeptide FMRFamide (Phe-Met-Arg-Phe-NH2) on the L-type (ICa,L) and T-type (ICa,T) calcium currents were investigated in muscle cells dissociated from the heart of squid, Loligo forbseii. The heart muscle cells could be divided into type I and type II cells, on the basis of morphological differences in the dissociated myocytes.(More)
The expression of both swimmeret and postural motor patterns in crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus) were affected by stimulation of a second root of a thoracic ganglion. The response of the swimmeret system depended on the state of the postural system. In most cases, the response of the swimmeret system outlasted the stimulus. Stimulation of a thoracic(More)