Abdelwahab Omri

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Poorly water-soluble drug candidates are becoming more prevalent. It has been estimated that approximately 60-70% of the drug molecules are insufficiently soluble in aqueous media and/or have very low permeability to allow for their adequate and reproducible absorption from the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) following oral administration. Formulation(More)
OBJECTIVES Chronic pulmonary infection by Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis patients is virtually impossible to eradicate by means of existing free antibiotics. We sought to assess the antibacterial activities of liposomal gentamicin against clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa. METHODS Gentamicin was encapsulated into liposomes with different lipid(More)
BACKGROUND To compare the effectiveness of liposomal tobramycin or polymyxin B against Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the Cystic Fibrosis (CF) sputum and its inhibition by common polyanionic components such as DNA, F-actin, lipopolysaccharides (LPS), and lipoteichoic acid (LTA). METHODOLOGY Liposomal formulations were prepared from a mixture of(More)
Global spread of KPC poses to be a serious threat complicating treatment options in hospital settings. The present study investigates the genetic environment of blaKPC-2 among clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from a tertiary referral hospital of India. The study isolates were collected from different wards and clinics of Silchar Medical College(More)
Pseudomonas fluorescens invoked a metabolic reconfiguration that resulted in enhanced production of pyruvate under the challenge of hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂). Although this stress led to a sharp reduction in the activities of numerous tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle enzymes, there was a marked increase in the activities of catalase and various(More)
OBJECTIVES Burkholderia cenocepacia (formally a genotype of Burkholderia cepacia complex called genomovar III) has emerged as a serious opportunistic pathogen in individuals with cystic fibrosis. We developed a liposomal antibiotic formulation composed of 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine and cholesterol (molar ratio 2:1) to overcome B.(More)
OBJECTIVES This work was carried out to construct a novel liposomal azithromycin formulation and examine its antimicrobial effects against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. METHODS The liposomal azithromycin formulation was prepared by the dehydration-rehydration vesicle method and its characterizations were tested. The MIC and the MBC of the liposomal formulation(More)
Although nitrosative stress is known to severely impede the ability of living systems to generate adenosine triphosphate (ATP) via oxidative phosphorylation, there is limited information on how microorganisms fulfill their energy needs in order to survive reactive nitrogen species (RNS). In this study we demonstrate an elaborate strategy involving(More)
The interaction of keto-acids with reactive oxygen species (ROS) is known to produce the corresponding carboxylic acid with the concomitant formation of CO2. Formate is liberated when the keto-acid glyoxylate neutralizes ROS. Here we report on how formate is involved in combating oxidative stress in the nutritionally-versatile Pseudomonas fluorescens. When(More)