Abdelwahab Omri

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OBJECTIVES This study evaluated the potential of DNase, alginate lyase (AlgL) and N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in enhancing the in vitro bactericidal activity of conventional (free) and vesicle-entrapped (liposomal) gentamicin, amikacin and tobramycin. METHODS The MICs and biofilm eradication for two clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (a mucoid strain(More)
Poorly water-soluble drug candidates are becoming more prevalent. It has been estimated that approximately 60-70% of the drug molecules are insufficiently soluble in aqueous media and/or have very low permeability to allow for their adequate and reproducible absorption from the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) following oral administration. Formulation(More)
Recurrent pulmonary infection and inflammation are major risk factors for high morbidity and mortality in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). As such, frequent antibiotic use and drug resistant bacterial strains are main concerns in individuals with CF. Bacterial virulence and resistance are influenced by unique CF airways fluid lining and Pseudomonas(More)
We investigated the efficacy and safety of liposomal clarithromycin formulations with different surface charges against clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from the lungs of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. The liposomal clarithromycin formulations were prepared by the dehydration-rehydration method, and their sizes were measured using the(More)
INTRODUCTION Many human pathogens cause respiratory illness by colonizing and invading the respiratory mucosal surfaces. Preventing infection at local sites via mucosally active vaccines is a promising and rational approach for vaccine development. However, stimulating mucosal immunity is often challenging. Particulate adjuvants that can specifically target(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and liposomally-encapsulated NAC (L-NAC) in ameliorating the hepatotoxic effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). LPS, a major cell wall molecule of Gram-negative bacteria and the principal initiator of septic shock, causes liver injury in vivo that is dependent on(More)
Acute lung injury (ALI) and its most severe form, the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are frequent complications in critically ill patients and are responsible for significant morbidity and mortality. So far, experimental evidence supports the role of oxidants and oxidative injury in the pathogenesis of ALI/ARDS. In this study, the antioxidant(More)
The bactericidal effectiveness of liposomal polymyxin B against Pseudomonas aeruginosa was investigated in an animal model of pulmonary infection. Polymyxin B was incorporated into liposomes composed of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC) and cholesterol (Chol) (2:1). Lung infection was induced in rats following intratracheal instillation of(More)
OBJECTIVES Chronic pulmonary infection by Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis patients is virtually impossible to eradicate by means of existing free antibiotics. We sought to assess the antibacterial activities of liposomal gentamicin against clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa. METHODS Gentamicin was encapsulated into liposomes with different lipid(More)
Polymyxin B is a polycationic antibiotic effective in the treatment of Gram-negative bacterial infections. Systemic use of polymyxin B has been limited due to its toxicity, most notably nephrotoxicity, ototoxicity, and neuromuscular blockade. Entrapment of antibiotics in liposomes is known to enhance their antimicrobial activities while minimizing their(More)