Abdelouahed Khalil

Learn More
OBJECTIVE To compare sarcopenic-obese and obese postmenopausal women for risk factors predisposing to cardiovascular disease (CVD) and determine whether there may be a relationship between muscle mass and metabolic risk in obese postmenopausal women. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES In this cross-sectional study, 22 healthy obese postmenopausal women (mean(More)
It is well known that the immune response decreases during aging, leading to a higher susceptibility to infections, cancers and autoimmune disorders. Most widely studied have been alterations in the adaptive immune response. Recently, the role of the innate immune response as a first-line defence against bacterial invasion and as a modulator of the adaptive(More)
Paraoxonase (PON1) is principally complexed to HDL and is responsible, at least in part, for its antioxidant properties. PON1 activity decreases in several pathologies associated with atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the PON1 activity and factors influencing its activity as a function of age. One hundred and twenty nine healthy(More)
Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) is a high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-associated serum enzyme thought to make a major contribution to the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capacities of HDLs. However, the role of PON1 in the modulation of cholesterol efflux is poorly understood. The aim of our study was to investigate the involvement of PON1 in the regulation of(More)
Paraoxonase1 is a HDL-associated enzyme, which is responsible for their antioxidant property. This study was aimed to investigate the effect of PON1 [Q192R] and [L55M] genotypes on susceptibility of LDL and HDL to lipid peroxidation and on antioxidant activity of HDL as a function of aging. Seventy-eight healthy subjects distributed in two age groups, young(More)
The present work describes the mechanisms involved in the vasorelaxant effect of harmine and harmaline. These alkaloids induce in a dose-dependent manner the relaxation in the aorta precontracted with noradrenaline or KCl. However, the removal of endothelium or pre-treatment of intact aortic ring with L-NAME (inhibitor of NOSe synthetase) or with(More)
Argan oil is rich in unsaturated fatty acids, tocopherol and phenolic compounds. These protective molecules make further study of its cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) action interesting. Furthermore, no previous study has explored the antioxidant activity of argan oil in comparison with olive oil. The present study was conducted to evaluate the beneficial(More)
Aging is associated with a decline in T cell activation and proliferation, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Recent findings suggest that lipid rafts act as a platform in the initiation of T cell activation by selectively recruiting signaling proteins associated with formation of the initial complex of signal transduction. We tested(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of resistance training on hematological blood markers in older individuals. Twenty-nine men and women participated to this study. Subjects were randomized in 2 groups: (1) control (n = 13) and (2) resistance training (n = 16). At baseline and after the intervention, subjects were submitted to a blood sample(More)
The sulfonylurea gliclazide and the biguanide metformin have different mechanisms to reduce glycemia. We performed a randomized study to compare these two agents with respect to glycemic control and effects on lipid peroxidation markers in 36 adult patients with type 2 diabetes. Both agents significantly decreased glycosylated hemoglobin ([HbA1c] P < .05),(More)