Infantile colic is one of the major challenges of parenthood. It is one of the common reasons parents seek medical advice during their child's first 3 months of life. It is defined as paroxysms of crying lasting more than 3 hours a day, occurring more than 3 days in any week for 3 weeks in a healthy baby aged 2 weeks to 4 months. Colic is a poorly… (More)
BACKGROUND Tuberculosis remains a public health problem in developing countries and is associated with lethal central nervous system complications. Intracranial tuberculomas occur in 13% of children with neurotuberculosis. Patients with trisomy 21 have an increased risk for stroke, which usually stems from cardiovascular defects. CASE PRESENTATION We… (More)
BACKGROUND Multicystic nephroma is an uncommon, non-familial renal neoplasm that is usually benign. About 200 cases of this lesion have been described in the literature. CASE PRESENTATION We report on a Sudanese child who presented at the age of two and a half years with an abdominal mass, clinical and radiological features favored the diagnosis of… (More)
We aimed to generate a valid reliable Arabic version of MOS social support survey (MOS-SSS). We did a cross sectional study in medical students of Faculty of Medicine in Khartoum, Sudan. We did a clustered random sampling in 500 students of which 487 were suitable for analysis. We followed the standard translation process for translating the MOS-SSS. We… (More)
This article (Kheir AEM: Infantile colic, facts and fiction. Ital J Pediatr 2012, 38:34) has been retracted by the author due to extensive text overlap with a previous publication by Roberts et al. (Roberts DM, Ostapchuk M, O'Brien JG: Infantile Colic. Am Fam Physician 2004,70:735–740).The author apologises for any inconvenience caused.
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a recognized complication of birth asphyxia. Early recognition of AKI is important in asphyxiated neonates as it helps in early intervention and appropriate management. The aim of this study was to determine the pattern of AKI in asphyxiated neonates and its relation to the grade of Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE). This… (More)
PURPOSE To determine the prevalence of xerophthalmia at a traditional boarding school where children do not receive a diet adequate in vitamin A. MATERIALS AND METHODS A cross-sectional survey of 406 males residing in a Quranic traditional school was conducted using the World Health Organization xerophthalmia checklist. The association between the… (More)