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Fundamentally, action potentials in the squid axon are consequence of the entrance of sodium ions during the depolarization of the rising phase of the spike mediated by the outflow of potassium ions during the hyperpolarization of the falling phase. Perfect metabolic efficiency with a minimum charge needed for the change in voltage during the action(More)
The generation of spikes by neurons is energetically a costly process. This paper studies the consumption of energy and the information entropy in the signalling activity of a model neuron both when it is supposed isolated and when it is coupled to another neuron by an electrical synapse. The neuron has been modelled by a four-dimensional Hindmarsh-Rose(More)
It has long been known that neurons in the brain are not physiologically homogeneous. In response to current stimulus, they can fire several distinct patterns of action potentials that are associated with different physiological classes ranging from regular-spiking cells, fast-spiking cells, intrinsically bursting cells, and low-threshold cells. In this(More)
Keywords: Visual face tracking 3D deformable models Facial actions Dynamic facial expression recognition Human–computer interaction a b s t r a c t In this paper, we address the analysis and recognition of facial expressions in continuous videos. More precisely, we study classifiers performance that exploit head pose independent temporal facial action(More)
—We present a framework for automatic and accurate multiple detection of objects of interest from images using hybrid image descriptors. The proposed framework combines a powerful segmentation algorithm with a hybrid descriptor. The hybrid descriptor is composed by color histograms and several Local Binary Patterns based descriptors. The proposed framework(More)
Statistical evidence of the influence of neighborhood topol-ogy on the performance of particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithms has been shown in many works. However, little has been done about the implications could have the percolation threshold in determining the topology of this neighborhood. This work addresses this problem for individuals that,(More)