Abdelkarim Sabri

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RATIONALE Growth differentiation factor 11 (GDF11) is a member of the transforming growth factor-β super family of secreted factors. A recent study showed that reduced GDF11 blood levels with aging was associated with pathological cardiac hypertrophy (PCH) and restoring GDF11 to normal levels in old mice rescued PCH. OBJECTIVE To determine whether and by(More)
Abnormal vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) growth plays a key role in the pathogenesis of hypertension and atherosclerosis. Angiotensin II (ANG II) elicits a hypertrophic growth response characterized by an increase in protein synthesis without cell proliferation. The present study investigated the role of the nonreceptor tyrosine kinase PYK2 in the(More)
Cathepsin G is a neutrophil-derived serine protease that contributes to tissue damage at sites of inflammation. The actions of cathepsin G are reported to be mediated by protease-activated receptor (PAR)-4 (a thrombin receptor) in human platelets. This study provides the first evidence that cathepsin G promotes inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate accumulation,(More)
Protease-activated receptor (PAR)-4 is a low affinity thrombin receptor with slow activation and desensitization kinetics relative to PAR-1. This study provides novel evidence that cardiomyocytes express functional PAR-4 whose signaling phenotype is distinct from PAR-1 in cardiomyocytes. AYPGKF, a modified PAR-4 agonist with increased potency at PAR-4,(More)
Reperfusion of cardiac tissue after an ischemic episode is associated with metabolic and contractile dysfunction, including reduced tension development and activation of the Na+-H+ exchanger (NHE). Oxygen-derived free radicals are key mediators of reperfusion abnormalities, although the cellular mechanisms involved have not been fully defined. In the(More)
BACKGROUND Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) transactivation is a mediator of angiotensin II (Ang II) signaling in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells isolated from large arteries. The present study used mouse mesenteric resistance arteries (MRAs) to investigate the role of EGFR transactivation under pressure-induced myogenic tone (MT). METHODS(More)
Proteases elaborated by inflammatory cells in the heart would be expected to drive cardiac fibroblasts to proliferate, but protease-activated receptor (PAR) function in cardiac fibroblasts has never been considered. This study demonstrates that PAR-1 is the only known PAR family member functionally expressed by cardiac fibroblasts and that PAR-1 activation(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that oxidative and nitrosative stress play an important role in regulation of cardiac myocyte growth and survival. The cardiovascular system is continuously exposed to both reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitrogen species (RNS), collectively termed reactive inflammatory species (RIS), and imbalances between the enzymes that(More)
Recent studies identify conventional protein kinase C (PKC) isoform phosphorylations at conserved residues in the activation loop and C terminus as maturational events that influence enzyme activity and targeting but are not dynamically regulated by second messengers. In contrast, this study identifies phorbol 12-myristoyl 13-acetate (PMA)- and(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) induces vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) growth by activating Gq-protein-coupled AT1 receptors, which leads to elevation of cytosolic Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) and activation of protein kinase C (PKC) and mitogen-activated protein kinases. To assess the link between these Ang II-induced signaling events, we examined the effect of Ang II on(More)