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Direct modulation of gene expression by targeting oncogenic transcription factors is a new area of research for cancer treatment. ERG, an ETS-family transcription factor, is commonly over-expressed or translocated in leukaemia and prostate carcinoma. In this work, we selected the di-(thiophene-phenyl-amidine) compound DB1255 as an ERG/DNA binding inhibitor(More)
The effects of replacing the central furan ring of furamidine with indole and benzimidazole on their DNA binding affinity, antiparasitic activity and fluorescence are reported. The bis-cyanophenylindoles required to make the corresponding amidines were prepared by sequential Stille and/or Suzuki coupling reactions. The bis-cyanophenylbenzimidazoles were(More)
Small-molecule targeting of the DNA minor groove is a promising approach to modulate genomic processes necessary for normal cellular function. For instance, dicationic diamindines, a well-known class of minor groove binding compounds, have been shown to inhibit interactions of transcription factors binding to genomic DNA. The applications of these compounds(More)
A novel series of extended DAPI analogues were prepared by insertion of either a carbon-carbon triple bond (16a-d) or a phenyl group (21a,b and 24) at position-2. The new amidines were evaluated in vitro against both Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense (T. b. r.) and Plasmodium falciparum (P. f.). Five compounds (16a, 16b, 16d, 21a, 21b) exhibited IC(50) values(More)
A series of novel benzimidazole diamidines were prepared from the corresponding dicyano analogues either by applying Pinner methodology (5a-c, 10 and 13a) or by making amidoximes intermediates that were reduced to the corresponding amidines (15a-c). The new amidines were evaluated in vitro against the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense (T. b.(More)
ETS transcription factors mediate a wide array of cellular functions and are attractive targets for pharmacological control of gene regulation. We report the inhibition of the ETS-family member PU.1 with a panel of novel heterocyclic diamidines. These diamidines are derivatives of furamidine (DB75) in which the central furan has been replaced with(More)
The production of pro-inflammatory cytokines by monocytes in vitro has been measured in eight patients with acute fasciolosis and 15 patients in the chronic stage of the disease, before and after stimulation by excretory/secretory Fasciola antigen. Results were compared with those of a control group of 12 individuals. The monocytes from patients with acute(More)
With the increasing number and variations of genome sequences available, control of gene expression with synthetic, cell-permeable molecules is within reach. The variety of sequence-specific binding agents is, however, still quite limited. Many minor groove binding agents selectivity recognize AT over GC sequences but have less ability to distinguish among(More)
Due to limited efficacy and considerable toxicity, the therapy for Chagas' disease is far from being ideal, and thus new compounds are desirable. Diamidines and related compounds such as arylimidamides have promising trypanocidal activity against Trypanosoma cruzi. To better understand the mechanism of action of these heterocyclic cations, we investigated(More)
Heterocyclic diamidines are compounds with antiparasitic properties that target the minor groove of kinetoplast DNA. The mechanism of action of these compounds is unknown, but topological changes to DNA structures are likely to be involved. In this study, we have developed a polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis-based screening method to determine topological(More)