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Approximately 80% of the hereditary hearing loss is nonsyndromic. Isolated deafness is the most genetically heterogeneous trait. We have ascertained 10 individuals from a large consanguineous Tunisian family with congenital profound autosomal recessive deafness. All affected individuals are otherwise healthy. Genotype analysis excluded linkage to known(More)
OBJECTIVE Mutations in the connexin 26 gene (GJB2), which encodes a gap-junction protein expressed in the inner ear, have been shown to be responsible for a major part of autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss in Caucasians. The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence and spectrum of GJB2 mutations, including the (GJB6-D13S1830) deletion,(More)
Hereditary nonsyndromic hearing impairment (HI) is extremely heterogeneous. Mutations of the transmembrane channel-like gene 1 (TMC1) have been shown to cause autosomal dominant and recessive forms of nonsyndromic HI linked to the loci DFNA36 and DFNB7/B11, respectively. TMC1 is 1 member of a family of 8 genes encoding transmembrane proteins. In the mouse,(More)
Hereditary non-syndromic deafness is extremely heterogeneous. Autosomal recessive forms account for approximately 80% of genetic cases. Autosomal recessive non-syndromic sensorineural deafness segregating in a large consanguineous Tunisian family was mapped to chromosome 6p21.2-22.3. A maximum lod score of 5.36 at theta=0 was obtained for the polymorphic(More)
Hereditary hearing impairment is the most genetically heterogeneous trait known in humans. So far, 50 published autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing impairment (ARNSHI) loci have been mapped, and 23 ARNSHI genes have been identified. Here, we report the mapping of a novel ARNSHI locus, DFNB63, to chromosome 11q13.3-q13.4 in a large consanguineous(More)
We explored the mitochondrial 12S rRNA and the tRNASer(UCN) genes in 100 Tunisian families affected with NSHL and in 100 control individuals. We identified the mitochondrial A1555G mutation in one out of these 100 families and not in the 100 control individuals. Members of this family harbouring the A1555G mutation showed phenotypic heterogeneity which(More)
The 12S rRNA gene was shown to be a hot spot for aminoglycoside-induced and non-syndromic hearing loss since several deafness-associated mtDNA mutations were identified in this gene. Among them, we distinguished the A1555G, the C1494T and the T1095C mutations and C-insertion or deletion at position 961. One hundred Tunisian patients with non-syndromic(More)
The mitochondrial tRNA(Leu(UUR)) gene (MTTL) is a hot spot for pathogenic mutations that are associated with mitochondrial diseases with various clinical features. Among these mutations, the A3243G mutation was associated with various types of mitochondrial multisystem disorders, such as MIDD, MELAS, MERRF, PEO, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and a subtype of(More)
Approximately 80% of hereditary hearing loss is non-syndromic. Non-syndromic deafness is the most genetically heterogeneous trait. The most common and severe form of hereditary hearing impairment is autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss (ARNSHL), accounting for approximately 80% of cases of genetic deafness. To date, 22 genes implicated in ARNSHL(More)
In this study, we detected new sequence variations in LAMA2 and SGCG genes in 5 ethnic populations, and analysed their effect on enhancer composition and mRNA structure. PCR amplification and DNA sequencing were performed and followed by bioinformatics analyses using ESEfinder as well as MFOLD software. We found 3 novel sequence variations in the LAMA2(More)