Abdel Aouacheria

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Identification of new criteria for embryo quality is required to improve the clinical outcome of in vitro fertilization. The aim of this study was to determine the gene expression profile of cumulus cells (CC) surrounding the oocyte as biomarkers for embryo potential and to identify genes to be used as prognostic indicators of successful pregnancy. CC from(More)
Collagens are thought to represent one of the most important molecular innovations in the metazoan line. Basement membrane type IV collagen is present in all Eumetazoa and was found in Homoscleromorpha, a sponge group with a well-organized epithelium, which may represent the first stage of tissue differentiation during animal evolution. In contrast, spongin(More)
In this report, we conducted a comprehensive survey of Bcl-2 family members, a divergent group of proteins that regulate programmed cell death by an evolutionarily conserved mechanism. Using comparative sequence analysis, we found novel sequences in mammals, nonmammalian vertebrates, and in a number of invertebrates. We then asked what conclusions could be(More)
In search of human homologues of the anti-apoptotic protein Nr-13, we have characterized a human EST clone that potentially encodes a protein, which is the closest homologue of Nr-13 among the Bcl-2 family members, to date known, in humans. Phylogenetic analyses suggest Human nrh, Mouse diva/boo and Quail nr-13 to be orthologous genes. The nrh gene has the(More)
Although the role of the b-cell lymphoma (Bcl)-2 family of apoptosis inhibitors is well documented in tumor cells and tissue morphogenesis, their role during the early development of vertebrates is unknown. Here, we characterize Nrz, a new Bcl-2-related inhibitor of apoptosis in zebrafish. Nrz is a mitochondrial protein, antagonizing the death-accelerator(More)
The anti-proliferative effect of Bcl-2 acts mainly at the level of the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle. Deletions and point mutations in the bcl-2 gene show that the anti-proliferative activity of Bcl-2, can in some cases, be dissociated from its anti-apoptotic function. This indicates that the effect of Bcl-2 on cell cycle progression can be a direct effect(More)
Bcl-2 family proteins regulate apoptosis in animals. This protein family includes several homologous proteins and a collection of other proteins lacking sequence similarity except for a Bcl-2 homology (BH)3 motif. Thus, membership in the Bcl-2 family requires only one of the four BH motifs. On this basis, a growing number of diverse BH3-only proteins are(More)
Nr-13 is an anti-apoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family previously shown to interact with Bax. The biological significance of this interaction was explored both in yeast and vertebrate cells and revealed that Nr-13 is able to counteract the pro-apoptotic activity of Bax. The Bax-interacting domain has been identified and corresponds to alpha-helices 5 and 6(More)
Dear Editor, BCL-2 family proteins, through balanced interaction of proand anti-death members, play a pivotal role in controlling cell life and death [1]. Based on multiple sequence alignments, amino acid sequence similarity in a least one of four Bcl-2 homology (BH) domains (BH1–BH4) has been used to define the family membership for more than a decade. The(More)
Owing to the explosion of information generated by human genomics, analysis of publicly available databases can help identify potential candidate genes relevant to the cancerous phenotype. The aim of this study was to scan for such genes by whole-genome in silico subtraction using Expressed Sequence Tag (EST) data. Genes differentially expressed in normal(More)