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Diagnostic tests for visceral leishmaniasis that are based on antigens of a single Leishmania strain can have low diagnostic performance in regions where heterologous parasites predominate. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the performance of five serological tests, based on different Leishmania antigens, in three endemic countries for(More)
The potential of glycerol for long-term preservation of the direct agglutination test (DAT) antigen was evaluated at a fluctuating laboratory temperature of 25-37 degrees C and at constant temperatures of 37 and 45 degrees C for a period of 222 days. DAT titres recorded for the three antigen aliquots preserved in 50% (v/v) glycerol and stored at 25-37, 37(More)
As part of a large-scale sero-epidemiological survey on visceral leishmaniasis (VL) carried out in Mymensingh district of Bangladesh, applicability of DAT was assessed at the level of a rural health setting in Trishal (upazila) subdistrict. Despite the relatively less optimal conditions encountered, 5854 inhabitants from 7 villages appendant to Trishal were(More)
BACKGROUND Until now, the comparison of the rK39 strip test (RKT) and direct agglutination test (DAT) for detection of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is exclusively based on either positive or negative qualification of the reaction outcome. OBJECTIVE In this study, we compared the diagnostic performance of RKT and DAT for VL both qualitatively and(More)
The direct agglutination test (DAT) was performed on 480 serum samples from suspected cases of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in different parts of Bangladesh. Significant titres (> or = 1:3200) were found in 257 sera (53.5%). All patients with positive bone-marrow aspirates also had significant DAT titres. The male:female seroprevalence ratio was 2:1 and the(More)
BACKGROUND A β-mercaptoethnol (β-ME)-treated promastigote antigen of L. donovani was successfully employed in direct agglutination test (DAT) for the diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis (VL). OBJECTIVE The β-ME-treated antigen was further incorporated into an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay set-up (β-ME ELISA) and evaluated for VL diagnosis against(More)
A prerequisite for the control of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is the accessibility to reference diagnostics. The high price of the freeze-dried direct agglutination test (FD-DAT) and the short shelf-life time of the rK39 strip test (rK39) have limited the application of these tests in Sudan. An original liquid DAT (LQ-DAT) with high reproducibility compared(More)
The potential of human plasma (HP) or serum (HS) as a replacement for fetal calf serum (FCS) was evaluated in a liver infusion tryptose (LIT) medium for bulk cultivation of Leishmania donovani promastigotes. The promastigote yield with the LIT-FCS standard medium was 0.4-1.8×10(7) ml(-1), and yields of 0.5-3.4×10(7) (P = 0.527) and 0.4-2.4×10(7) (P = 0.062)(More)
Three-hundred and eight patients with suspected visceral leishmaniasis (VL) were received at Doka Hospital (eastern Sudan) during the period September 2004 to October 2005. The sensitivity and specificity of a glycerol-preserved (GP) antigen for VL diagnosis was assessed against the results of repeated lymph node aspiration and readings from a direct(More)