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Introduction This section deals with surgical issues that may potentially complicate the immediate post-transplant period. Many of these issues, particularly ones that arise in patient selection can have a very important impact on the immediate post-operative course of the patient and some can have far reaching consequences for long-term graft and patient(More)
Cardiopulmonary disease has been associated with particulate matter (PM) air pollution. There is evidence that exposure to elevated PM concentrations increases risk of acute ischemic heart disease events, alters cardiac autonomic function, and increases risk of arrhythmias. It is plausible, therefore, that PM exposure may exacerbate heart failure (HF). A(More)
BACKGROUND The landmark Randomized Evaluation of Mechanical Assistance for the Treatment of Congestive Heart Failure (REMATCH) trial first demonstrated that implantation of left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) as destination therapy (DT) can provide survival superior to any known medical treatment in patients with end-stage heart failure who are(More)
BACKGROUND The problem of AMR remains unsolved because standardized schemes for diagnosis and treatment remains contentious. Therefore, a consensus conference was organized to discuss the current status of antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) in heart transplantation. METHODS The conference included 83 participants (transplant cardiologists, surgeons,(More)
PURPOSE Heart failure (HF) patients often have comorbid conditions that confound management and adversely affect prognosis. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the obesity paradox is also present in hospitalized HF patients in an integrated healthcare system. DATA SOURCES A cohort of 2707 patients with a primary diagnosis of HF was(More)
OBJECTIVES This study investigates alterations in myocardial microvasculature, fibrosis, and hypertrophy before and after mechanical unloading of the failing human heart. BACKGROUND Recent studies demonstrated the pathophysiologic importance and significant mechanistic links among microvasculature, fibrosis, and hypertrophy during the cardiac remodeling(More)
The algorithm for the allocation of donor hearts used by the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) was changed in January 1999. The new scheme alters the medical urgency criteria from a 2-tiered to a 3-tiered system. Blood type O and blood type B candidates are less disadvantaged and pediatric candidates are somewhat advantaged with regard to adolescent(More)
Non-invasive imaging techniques are highly desirable as an alternative to conventional biopsy for the characterization of the remodeling of tissues associated with disease progression, including end-stage heart failure. Cardiac diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has become an established method for the characterization of myocardial microstructure. However, the(More)
BACKGROUND Loop diuretics are an essential component of therapy for patients with acute decompensated heart failure, but there are few prospective data to guide their use. METHODS In a prospective, double-blind, randomized trial, we assigned 308 patients with acute decompensated heart failure to receive furosemide administered intravenously by means of(More)