Abdallah Elkhal

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Engagement of T cells with antigen-presenting cells requires T-cell receptor (TCR) stimulation at the immune synapse. We previously reported that TCR stimulation induces the release of cellular adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) that regulates T-cell activation. Here we tested the roles of pannexin-1 hemichannels, which have been implicated in ATP release, and(More)
Efficient activation of neutrophils is a key requirement for effective immune responses. We found that neutrophils released cellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in response to exogenous stimuli such as formylated bacterial peptides and inflammatory mediators that activated Fcgamma, interleukin-8, C5a complement, and leukotriene B(4) receptors. Stimulation(More)
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP) is in a complex with WASP-interacting protein (WIP). WASP levels, but not mRNA levels, were severely diminished in T cells from WIP(-/-) mice and were increased by introduction of WIP in these cells. The WASP binding domain of WIP was shown to protect WASP from degradation by calpain in vitro. Treatment with the(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) exposed to the vaccinia virus (VV) smallpox vaccine have an increased risk of developing eczema vaccinatum. OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of local allergic skin inflammation on vaccinia immunity. METHODS BALB/c mice were epicutaneously sensitized with ovalbumin (OVA) to induce allergic skin(More)
BACKGROUND Transmembrane activator and calcium modulator and cyclophilin ligand interactor (TACI) is a receptor used by B cell-activating factor of the TNF family and a proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL) to induce isotype switching independently of CD40 and is mutated in patients with common variable immunodeficiency. OBJECTIVE We sought to determine(More)
Patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) often suffer from food allergy and develop flares upon skin contact with food allergens. However, it is unclear whether T cells sensitized to allergens in the gut promote this skin inflammation. To address this question, we orally immunized WT mice and mice lacking the skin-homing chemokine receptor Ccr4 (Ccr4-/- mice)(More)
Eczema vaccinatum (EV) is a complication of smallpox vaccination occurring in patients with atopic dermatitis. In affected individuals, vaccinia virus (VV) spreads through the skin, resulting in large primary lesions and satellite lesions, and infects internal organs. BALB/c mice inoculated with VV at sites of Th2-biased allergic skin inflammation elicited(More)
Atopic dermatitis (AD) skin lesions exhibit epidermal and dermal thickening, eosinophil infiltration, and increased levels of the cysteinyl leukotriene (cys-LT) leukotriene C(4) (LTC(4)). Epicutaneous sensitization with ovalbumin of WT mice but not ΔdblGATA mice, the latter of which lack eosinophils, caused skin thickening, collagen deposition, and(More)
Laminin 5 (alpha3beta3gamma2) is specifically present in the basal lamina underneath epithelia with secretory or protective functions, where it is essential for anchoring basal epithelial cells to the underlying extracellular matrix. Laminin 5 is produced by epithelial cells as a 480-kDa precursor that is converted into forms of 440 and 400 kDa. To analyse(More)
Aging affects all compartments of the immune response and has a major impact on transplant outcome and organ quality. Although clinical trials in the aging transplant population remain rare, our current understanding of immunosenescence provides a basis for an age-adapted immunosuppression and organ allocation with the goal to optimize utilization and to(More)