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The creatine kinase (CK) reaction is central to muscle energetics, buffering ATP levels during periods of intense activity via consumption of phosphocreatine (PCr). PCr is believed to serve as a spatial shuttle of high-energy phosphate between sites of energy production in the mitochondria and sites of energy utilization in the myofibrils via diffusion.(More)
Practical noninvasive methods for the measurement of absolute metabolite concentrations are key to the assessment of the depletion of myocardial metabolite pools which occurs with several cardiac diseases, including infarction and heart failure. Localized MRS offers unique noninvasive access to many metabolites, but is often confounded by nonuniform(More)
Human cardiac phosphorus MR saturation transfer experiments to quantify creatine kinase forward rate constants (k(f)) have previously been performed at 1.5 T. Such experiments could benefit from increased signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and spectral resolution at 3 T. At 1.5 T, the four-angle saturation transfer method was applied with low-angle adiabatic(More)
Cardiac phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) with surface coils promises better quantification at 3 Tesla (T) from improved signal-to-noise ratios and spectral resolution compared with 1.5 T. However, Bloch equation and field analyses at 3T show that for efficient quantitative MRS protocols using small-angle adiabatic (BIR4/BIRP) pulses the(More)
BACKGROUND Phosphorus saturation transfer (ST) magnetic resonance spectroscopy can measure the rate of ATP generated from phosphocreatine (PCr) via creatine kinase (CK) in the human heart. Recently, the triple-repetition time ST (TRiST) method was introduced to measure the CK pseudo-first-order rate constant kf in three acquisitions. In TRiST, the(More)
PURPOSE To assess possible damage to the hearing of experimental and companion animal subjects of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. MATERIALS AND METHODS Using animal hearing threshold data and sound level measurements from typical MRI pulse sequences, we estimated "equivalent loudness" experienced by several experimental and companion animals(More)
Interventional, "loopless antenna" MRI detectors are currently limited to 1.5 T. This study investigates whether loopless antennae offer signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and field-of-view (FOV) advantages at higher fields, and whether device heating can be controlled within safe limits. The absolute SNR performance of loopless antennae from 0.5 to 5 T is(More)
PURPOSE The monitoring and management of radio frequency (RF) exposure is critical for ensuring magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) safety. Commercial MRI scanners can overestimate specific absorption rates (SAR) and improperly restrict clinical MRI scans or the application of new MRI sequences, while underestimation of SAR can lead to tissue heating and(More)
PURPOSE Use of external coils with internal detectors or conductors is challenging at 7 Tesla (T) due to radiofrequency (RF) field (B1 ) penetration, B1 -inhomogeneity, mutual coupling, and potential local RF heating. The present study tests whether the near-quadratic gains in signal-to-noise ratio and field-of-view with field-strength previously reported(More)
The loopless antenna magnetic resonance imaging detector is comprised of a tuned coaxial cable with an extended central conductor that can be fabricated at submillimeter diameters for interventional use in guidewires, catheters, or needles. Prior work up to 4.7 T suggests a near-quadratic gain in signal-to-noise ratio with field strength and safe operation(More)