Abby Spector

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PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Assessing preferences for daily life is the foundation for person-centered care delivery. This study tested a new measure, the Preferences for Everyday Living Inventory (PELI), with a large sample of community-dwelling older adults. We sought to evaluate the tool's convergent and divergent validity, identify the most commonly held(More)
BACKGROUND Increasingly, nursing home (NH) providers are adopting a person-centered care (PCC) philosophy; yet, they currently lack methods to measure their progress toward this goal. Few PCC tools meet criteria for ease of use and feasibility in NHs. The purpose of this article is to report on the development of the concept and measurement of preference(More)
Preferences are the expression of an individual's basic psychosocial needs and are related to care outcomes. The current study tested the consistency of 87 individuals' everyday preferences over 1 week, comparing responses of nursing home residents (n = 37; mean age = 82) and university students (n = 50; mean age = 20). Participants completed the(More)
OBJECTIVES This randomized controlled study tested the effectiveness of individualized activities, led by certified nursing assistants (CNAs), to increase positive and reduce negative affect and behavior among nursing home residents with dementia. METHOD Nursing home residents with mild to advanced dementia (N = 180) were randomly assigned to usual care(More)
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