Abby L. Dotson

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The iron chelator, Desferal, suppressed disease activity of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of multiple sclerosis (MS), and it has been tested in pilot trials for MS. The administration regimen of Desferal is cumbersome and prone to complications. Orally-deliverable, iron chelators have been developed that circumvent these(More)
Males and females respond differently to stroke. Moreover, females often experience worse long-term stroke outcomes. Fenofibrate, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) agonist has been shown to improve stroke outcome and resolve neuroinflammation in male mice. The present study compares the effect of pretreatment with fenofibrate versus(More)
We have previously demonstrated that recombinant T-cell receptor ligand 1000 (RTL1000) reduces infarct size and improves long-term functional recovery after experimental stroke in young transgenic mice expressing human leukocyte antigen DR2 (DR2-Tg). In this study, we determined the effect of RTL1000 on infarct size in 12-month-old middle-aged DR2-Tg mice,(More)
Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability in the United States. The lack of clinical success in stroke therapies can be attributed, in part, to inadequate basic research on aging rodents. The current study demonstrates that recombinant TCR ligand therapy uses different immunological mechanisms to protect young and older mice from experimental(More)
The peripheral immune response contributes to neurodegeneration after stroke yet little is known about how this process differs between males and females. The current study demonstrates that splenectomy prior to experimental stroke eliminates sex differences in infarct volume and activated brain monocytes/microglia. In the periphery of both sexes, activated(More)
Inflammation and thrombosis are tightly linked, with inflammation contributing to thromboembolism and to stroke outcome. Thromboembolism is a frequent cause of ischemic stroke; yet, the most used occlusion mouse models of experimental stroke do not effectively replicate thromboembolism. Our group recently described a novel thromboembolic mouse model of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Both pathogenic and regulatory immune processes are involved in the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model of experimental stroke, including interactions involving the programmed death 1 (PD-1) receptor and its 2 ligands, PD-L1 and PD-L2. Although PD-1 reduced stroke severity, PD-L1 and PD-L2 appeared to play pathogenic roles,(More)
Ischemic stroke is a leading cause of death and disability in the United States. It is known that males and females respond differently to stroke. Depending on age, the incidence, prevalence, mortality rate, and disability outcome of stroke differ between the sexes. Females generally have strokes at older ages than males and, therefore, have a worse stroke(More)
The peripheral immune response contributes to neurologic impairment after stroke and the extent of initial damage is greater in males than females. We have previously shown that spleen cells directly contribute to ischemic damage in males, as splenectomy prior to experimental stroke eliminates the sex differences in infarct volume. This study aims to(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) is a nuclear receptor transcription factor that plays a role in immune regulation. Because of its expression in cerebral tissue and immune cells, PPARα has been examined as an important regulator in immune-based neurological diseases. Many studies have indicated that pre-treatment of animals with(More)
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