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We delineated and analyzed directly oriented paralogous low-copy repeats (DP-LCRs) in the most recent version of the human haploid reference genome. The computationally defined DP-LCRs were cross-referenced with our chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) database of 25,144 patients subjected to genome-wide assays. This computationally guided approach to the(More)
This work was undertaken in order to resolve some of the controversy in the literature concerning the properties of alpha-crystallins isolated in different laboratories. Bovine lens proteins were extracted and isolated by gel chromatography using 'Hoenders buffer' (0.02 M Tris-HCl, 1 mM EDTA, 80 mM NaCl, pH 7.3), 'Tardieu buffer' (0.04 M phosphate, 1 mM(More)
Interstitial deletions of 6q are associated with variable phenotypes, including growth retardation, dysmorphic features, upper limb malformations, and Prader–Willi (PW)-like features. Only a minority of cases in the literature have been characterized with high resolution techniques, making genotype–phenotype correlations difficult. We report 12 individuals(More)
PURPOSE Long-term steroid therapy is a known risk factor for the development of posterior subcapsular cataract. Previous work in this laboratory has found soluble lens proteins to bind dexamethasone, but this binding is not due to a glucocorticoid receptor. This study was undertaken to identify the soluble protein or proteins involved in lens glucocorticoid(More)
Exposure of bovine alpha-crystallin to 0.1 M glycine at pH 7 decreases the average molar mass of the protein from 700 to 420 kDa. When the pH is lowered to 2.5, in the same buffer, the alpha B chains specifically dissociate from the aggregates, leaving a particle of 290 kDa containing only alpha A chains. The decrease in the molar mass corresponds to the(More)
Homopolymers were constructed from the alpha A and alpha B polypeptides isolated from the lens protein alpha-crystallin. As the pH is lowered from 7.0 to 3.4, these homopolymers dissociate to smaller species with molecular masses ranging from 80 to 250 kDa for the alpha A and around 140 kDa for the alpha B dissociation products. The pKa for this(More)
A simple procedure, based on the precipitin curve and the antibody:antigen ratios of the precipitates, is described for evaluation of the intrinsic association constant (k) governing the interaction between a multivalent antigen and a bivalent antibody. Its application is illustrated with a study of the interaction between alpha-crystallin and an elicited(More)
alpha-Crystallin was found to exhibit a time-dependent uptake of the hydrophobic probe, 1-anilinonaphthalene-8-sulfonic acid (ANS), similar to that typically observed with lipid membranes. Analysis of the interaction of ANS with alpha-crystallin revealed two types of interactive processes, partitioning and binding. The predominant process involved(More)
Complexes containing alpha-crystallin were isolated from crosslinked lens extract using an affinity column constructed with monoclonal antibodies specific for alpha-crystallin. The affinity-purified protein was compared with alpha-crystallins before and after crosslinking. Electron microscopy revealed sheet-like structures in the cross-linked protein from(More)