Abboud J. Ghalayini

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Photoreceptor excitation begins with the absorption of a photon by rhodopsin and proceeds through an unknown sequence of steps that leads to changes in specific ionic conductances. These conductance changes produce the receptor potential. It has been proposed that hydrolysis of phosphoinositides is involved in the control of a variety of physiological(More)
Isolated frog (Rana Pipiens) retinas were labeled in the dark with either [32P] PO4-orthophosphate or myo-[2-3H]inositol for 2.5-4 hrs. After washing the retinas with cold buffer, they were exposed to brief flashes of light (5 secs or 15 secs) and their rod outer segments isolated. Upon separation of labeled phospholipids, a specific decrease in label in(More)
We have investigated the isozymes of a phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PLC) in bovine retina using several monoclonal antisera to PLCbeta1, gamma1, and delta1. Immunoblot analysis showed that all three isozymes were present in the retina. Immunocytochemical localization in frozen bovine retina sections showed that PLCgamma1 was present in the(More)
PURPOSE Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) plays important roles in mitogenesis, vesicular trafficking, actin rearrangement, and prevention of apoptotic cell death in nonocular tissues. This investigation looked for whether PI 3-kinase is present in bovine rod photoreceptors and if light has any effect on its activity. METHODS Bleached (BROS) and(More)
PURPOSE Focal adhesion kinase (FAK), a nonreceptor protein tyrosine kinase with protean downstream influences on cell cycle regulation, cytoskeletal dynamics, and cell attachment, is activated by integrin binding and aggregation. Adenoviruses, including those associated with human keratitis, enter permissive cells by an integrin-mediated mechanism. Hence, a(More)
In vivo light exposure results in tyrosine phosphorylation of several rod outer segment (ROS) proteins (Ghalayini, A. J., Guo, X. X., Koutz, C. A, and Anderson, R. E. (1998) Exp. Eye Res. 66, 817-821). We now report the presence of Src in ROS and its increased association with bleached ROS membranes. Immunoprecipitation with anti-phosphotyrosine revealed(More)
Bovine rod outer segments (ROS) contain a phospholipase C (PLC) that hydrolyzes phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. Approximately 60-70% of PLC activity is recovered in soluble extracts of ROS. Moreover, the specific activity of this soluble PLC is approximately 10-fold higher than that of resealed ROS enzyme activity. Peptide-specific antiserum (Ab(More)
The hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate is regulated by light in retinal rod outer segment (ROS) membranes. We recently reported that the activities of phosphatidylinositol synthetase and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase are also higher in bleached (light-exposed) ROS (B-ROS). In this study, we investigated the effect of bleaching on(More)
There is considerable evidence indicating that rhodopsin is the chromophore mediating light damage to the rat retina caused by exposure to mid-visible wavelengths. Retinal damage is, however, more effectively produced by short-wavelength light, and little is known about the initiating events for this damage class. The present study sought to determine the(More)
Phospholipase C (PLC) enzyme activity in rod outer segment (ROS) membranes bleached in the presence of ATP and GTP was assayed using exogenously added [3H]phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate vesicles as substrate. The addition of the soluble ROS protein arrestin (also known as S-antigen or 48K protein) to ROS membranes activated PLC 2-3.4-fold. This(More)