Abboud J. Ghalayini

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Photoreceptor excitation begins with the absorption of a photon by rhodopsin and proceeds through an unknown sequence of steps that leads to changes in specific ionic conductances. These conductance changes produce the receptor potential. It has been proposed that hydrolysis of phosphoinositides is involved in the control of a variety of physiological(More)
Isolated frog (Rana Pipiens) retinas were labeled in the dark with either [32P] PO4-orthophosphate or myo-[2-3H]inositol for 2.5-4 hrs. After washing the retinas with cold buffer, they were exposed to brief flashes of light (5 secs or 15 secs) and their rod outer segments isolated. Upon separation of labeled phospholipids, a specific decrease in label in(More)
Bovine rod outer segments (ROS) contain a phospholipase C (PLC) that hydrolyzes phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. Approximately 60-70% of PLC activity is recovered in soluble extracts of ROS. Moreover, the specific activity of this soluble PLC is approximately 10-fold higher than that of resealed ROS enzyme activity. Peptide-specific antiserum (Ab(More)
PURPOSE Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) plays important roles in mitogenesis, vesicular trafficking, actin rearrangement, and prevention of apoptotic cell death in nonocular tissues. This investigation looked for whether PI 3-kinase is present in bovine rod photoreceptors and if light has any effect on its activity. METHODS Bleached (BROS) and(More)
The hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate is regulated by light in retinal rod outer segment (ROS) membranes. We recently reported that the activities of phosphatidylinositol synthetase and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase are also higher in bleached (light-exposed) ROS (B-ROS). In this study, we investigated the effect of bleaching on(More)
Previous studies have shown that vertebrate rod outer segments (ROS) have a light activated phospholipase C which hydrolyzes phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphonate (PIP2). Three different experimental approaches have been used to test the hypothesis that the phosphatidylinositol (PI) biosynthetic cycle is present in ROS and that PIP2 can be regenerated(More)
Evidence suggests that caveolins, 21-24 kDa cholesterol-binding proteins that generally reside in specialized detergent-resistant membrane microdomains, act as signaling scaffolds. Detergent-resistant membranes isolated from rod outer segments (ROS) have been previously shown to contain the photoreceptor G-protein, transducin. In this report we show, by(More)
Defects in the Drosophila norpA (no receptor potential A) gene encoding a phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PLC) block invertebrate phototransduction and lead to retinal degeneration. The mammalian homolog, PLCB4, is expressed in rat brain, bovine cerebellum, and the bovine retina in several splice variants. To determine a possible role of PLCB4(More)
We have investigated the isozymes of a phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PLC) in bovine retina using several monoclonal antisera to PLCbeta1, gamma1, and delta1. Immunoblot analysis showed that all three isozymes were present in the retina. Immunocytochemical localization in frozen bovine retina sections showed that PLCgamma1 was present in the(More)