Abboud J. Ghalayini

Learn More
Photoreceptor excitation begins with the absorption of a photon by rhodopsin and proceeds through an unknown sequence of steps that leads to changes in specific ionic conductances. These conductance changes produce the receptor potential. It has been proposed that hydrolysis of phosphoinositides is involved in the control of a variety of physiological(More)
Previous studies have shown that vertebrate rod outer segments (ROS) have a light activated phospholipase C which hydrolyzes phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphonate (PIP2). Three different experimental approaches have been used to test the hypothesis that the phosphatidylinositol (PI) biosynthetic cycle is present in ROS and that PIP2 can be regenerated(More)
Isolated frog (Rana Pipiens) retinas were labeled in the dark with either [32P] PO4-orthophosphate or myo-[2-3H]inositol for 2.5-4 hrs. After washing the retinas with cold buffer, they were exposed to brief flashes of light (5 secs or 15 secs) and their rod outer segments isolated. Upon separation of labeled phospholipids, a specific decrease in label in(More)
PURPOSE Focal adhesion kinase (FAK), a nonreceptor protein tyrosine kinase with protean downstream influences on cell cycle regulation, cytoskeletal dynamics, and cell attachment, is activated by integrin binding and aggregation. Adenoviruses, including those associated with human keratitis, enter permissive cells by an integrin-mediated mechanism. Hence, a(More)
Evidence suggests that caveolins, 21-24 kDa cholesterol-binding proteins that generally reside in specialized detergent-resistant membrane microdomains, act as signaling scaffolds. Detergent-resistant membranes isolated from rod outer segments (ROS) have been previously shown to contain the photoreceptor G-protein, transducin. In this report we show, by(More)
PURPOSE Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) plays important roles in mitogenesis, vesicular trafficking, actin rearrangement, and prevention of apoptotic cell death in nonocular tissues. This investigation looked for whether PI 3-kinase is present in bovine rod photoreceptors and if light has any effect on its activity. METHODS Bleached (BROS) and(More)
We have investigated the isozymes of a phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PLC) in bovine retina using several monoclonal antisera to PLCbeta1, gamma1, and delta1. Immunoblot analysis showed that all three isozymes were present in the retina. Immunocytochemical localization in frozen bovine retina sections showed that PLCgamma1 was present in the(More)
The hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate is regulated by light in retinal rod outer segment (ROS) membranes. We recently reported that the activities of phosphatidylinositol synthetase and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase are also higher in bleached (light-exposed) ROS (B-ROS). In this study, we investigated the effect of bleaching on(More)
There is considerable evidence indicating that rhodopsin is the chromophore mediating light damage to the rat retina caused by exposure to mid-visible wavelengths. Retinal damage is, however, more effectively produced by short-wavelength light, and little is known about the initiating events for this damage class. The present study sought to determine the(More)