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Heat-shock protein 90 (Hsp90) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an abundant essential eukaryotic molecular chaperone involved in the activation and stabilization of client proteins, including several transcription factors and oncogenic kinases. Hsp90 undergoes a complex series of conformational changes and interacts with partner co-chaperones such as Sba1,(More)
The molecular chaperone heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is an essential protein required for the activity and stability of multiple proteins termed clients. Hsp90 cooperates with a set of co-chaperone proteins that modulate Hsp90 activity and/or target clients to Hsp90 for folding. Many of the Hsp90 co-chaperones, including Cpr6 and Cpr7, contain(More)
Hsp90 molecular chaperones are required for the stability and activity of a diverse range of client proteins that have critical roles in signal transduction, cellular trafficking, chromatin remodeling, cell growth, differentiation, and reproduction. Mammalian cells contain three types of Hsp90s: cytosolic Hsp90, mitochondrial Trap-1, and Grp94 of the(More)
The essential molecular chaperone Hsp90 functions with over ten co-chaperones in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, but the in vivo roles of many of these co-chaperones are poorly understood. Two of these co-chaperones, Cdc37 and Sgt1, target specific types of clients to Hsp90 for folding. Other co-chaperones have general roles in supporting Hsp90 function, but the(More)
The merging of knowledge from genomics, cellular signal transduction and molecular evolution is producing new paradigms of cancer analysis. Protein kinases have long been understood to initiate and promote malignant cell growth and targeting kinases to fight cancer has been a major strategy within the pharmaceutical industry for over two decades. Despite(More)
Heat shock protein 90α (Hsp90α), encoded by the HSP90AA1 gene, is the stress inducible isoform of the molecular chaperone Hsp90. Hsp90α is regulated differently and has different functions when compared to the constitutively expressed Hsp90β isoform, despite high amino acid sequence identity between the two proteins. These differences are likely due to(More)
Hsp90 is a molecular chaperone of pivotal importance for multiple cell pathways. ATP-regulated internal dynamics are critical for its function and current pharmacological approaches block the chaperone with ATP-competitive inhibitors. Herein, a general approach to perturb Hsp90 through design of new allosteric ligands aimed at modulating its functional(More)
Heat shock protein 90 kDa (Hsp90) is required for the activation and stabilization of numerous client proteins, but the functional requirements of individual clients remain poorly understood. Utilizing yeast growth assays and mutational analysis, Mishra and colleagues explore the constraints placed on Hsp90 by distinct clients and the relationship between(More)
The abundant molecular chaperone Hsp90 is essential for the folding and stabilization of hundreds of distinct client proteins. Hsp90 is assisted by multiple cochaperones that modulate Hsp90's ATPase activity and/or promote client interaction, but the in vivo functions of many of these cochaperones are largely unknown. We found that Cpr6, Cpr7, and Cns1(More)
Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is an essential eukaryotic molecular chaperone. To properly chaperone its clientele, Hsp90 proceeds through an ATP-dependent conformational cycle influenced by posttranslational modifications (PTMs) and assisted by a number of co-chaperone proteins. Although Hsp90 conformational changes in solution have been well-studied,(More)