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PURPOSE To determine whether Myocet (liposome-encapsulated doxorubicin; The Liposome Company, Elan Corporation, Princeton, NJ) in combination with cyclophosphamide significantly reduces doxorubicin cardiotoxicity while providing comparable antitumor efficacy in first-line treatment of metastatic breast cancer (MBC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Two hundred(More)
BACKGROUND The localization of substance P in brain-stem regions associated with vomiting, and the results of studies in ferrets, led us to postulate that a neurokinin-1-receptor antagonist would be an antiemetic in patients receiving anticancer chemotherapy. METHODS In a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial involving 159 patients who had(More)
Rosmarinic acid (RA), an ester of caffeic acid and 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl lactic acid, is widely distributed in the plant kingdom. Interest in it is growing due to its promising biological activities, including cognitive-enhancing effects and slowing the development of Alzheimer’s disease, cancer chemoprotection or anti-inflammatory activity, among others. In(More)
Ondansetron (GR 38032F), a selective antagonist of serotonin subtype 3 receptors, is effective in the prevention of emesis associated with cisplatin as well as other chemotherapeutic agents. In this randomized, single-blind, multicenter, parallel group study, we compared the efficacy and safety of intravenous (IV) ondansetron with IV metoclopramide in the(More)
We evaluated, in a multi-center trial, the safety and efficacy of GR 38032F (GR-C507/75), a novel and selective serotonin antagonist, in preventing acute emesis in chemotherapy-naive patients receiving treatment with regimens containing high-dose cisplatin (greater than or equal to 100 mg/m2). Eighty-five patients were randomized to receive GR 38032F, 0.18(More)
Amyloidosis primarily involving bone is described in a 59-year-old male pateint. Well circumscribed lytic lesions of the skeleton raised the possibility of myelomatosis. The prolonged insidious course of the disease was uncomplicated by hypercalcemia, pathological fracture, or hematologic abnormalities. The clinical course, together with histological(More)
PURPOSE To assess the comparative antiemetic efficacy of single-dose intravenous (IV) dolasetron mesylate and ondansetron in preventing cisplatin-induced nausea and vomiting. PATIENTS AND METHODS Cancer patients (n = 609) receiving first-course cisplatin chemotherapy were randomized to one of three treatments: 1.8 or 2.4 mg/kg dolasetron mesylate salt(More)
Erythrocytosis in a woman with hyperthyroidism prompted evaluation for other causes of an elevated hematocrit level. No underlying cause was identified, and the erythrocytosis resolved as the thyroid status returned to normal. The possibility of thyrotoxicosis should be considered in a patient with an elevated hematocrit value.
BACKGROUND Bioactive plant secondary metabolites have complex chemical structures, which are specific to each plant species/family, and accumulate in tiny amounts. The growing market demand for many phytochemicals can lead to the over-harvesting of medicinal plants in their natural habitat, endangering species in the process. OBJECTIVE An ongoing(More)