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RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Brain lesions, especially white matter lesions (WMLs), are associated with cardiac and vascular disease, but also with normal aging. Quantitative analysis of WML in large clinical trials is becoming more and more important. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this article, we present a computer-assisted WML segmentation method, based on(More)
Standard approaches to the development of psychological measures emphasize the role of the research team in identifying constructs, generating and retaining items, and establishing psychometric soundness. Although there are a number of strengths associated with these methods, the resulting measures may not be culturally sensitive to minority cultural(More)
OBJECTIVE The 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (DiGeorge/velocardiofacial syndrome) is associated with attentional problems and executive dysfunction, and is one of the highest known risk factors for schizophrenia. These behavioral manifestations of 22q11.2 deletion syndrome could result from haploinsufficiency of the catechol O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene,(More)
OBJECTIVE Describe restructuring in the organization and delivery of patient care and the effects of nursing structure and processes on selected patient outcomes. BACKGROUND Restructuring has been the dominant cost-reduction strategy in acute care hospitals. Changes occurred without a systematic look at how interventions impacted on the processes and(More)
The purpose of the study was to compare three nursing interventions and their impact on glycemic control among children with type I diabetes. The 75 subjects' mean +/- SD age was 12.5 +/- 3.4 years, 55% were boys, and 55% were White. Subjects were randomly assigned to a standard care (SC), an education (ED), or an education and telephone case management (ED(More)
The 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome (DiGeorge/velocardiofacial syndrome) is associated with elevated rates of psychosis, and is also characterized by severe attentional difficulties and executive dysfunction. Behavioral manifestations of this syndrome could result from haploinsufficiency of the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene, located within the 22q11(More)
This paper presents a fully automatic white matter lesion (WML) segmentation method, based on local features determined by combining multiple MR acquisition protocols, including T1-weighted, T2-weighted, proton density (PD)-weighted and fluid attenuation inversion recovery (FLAIR) scans. Support vector machines (SVMs) are used to integrate features from(More)
Findings associated with the 22q11.2 deletion often include congenital heart malformations, palatal anomalies, immunodeficiency, hypocalcemia, and developmental delay or learning disabilities. Often the clinical suspicion of the diagnosis in a patient with one or more of these findings is heightened based on the presence of a characteristic facial(More)
This study evaluated the ability of cocaine withdrawal symptoms, measured by the Cocaine Selective Severity Assessment (CSSA) and initial urine toxicology results, to predict treatment attrition among 128 cocaine dependent veterans participating in a 4-week day hospital treatment program. The CSSA was administered and a urine toxicology screen was obtained(More)
Tendon injuries account for a significant number of musculoskeletal afflictions each year. While new surgical techniques and rehabilitation protocols have led to improved clinical outcomes, postsurgical scarring remains the most problematic aspect of tendon repair. In contrast to this typical pattern of fibrosis, recent studies have shown that fetal tendon(More)