Abbas Fotovati

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Basal-like breast cancers (BLBCs) are aggressive tumors with high relapse rates and poor survival. We recently reported that >70% of primary BLBCs express the oncogenic transcription/translation factor Y-box binding protein-1 (YB-1) and silencing it with small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) attenuates the growth of BLBC cell lines. To understand the basis of(More)
Y-box binding protein-1 (YB-1) is an oncogenic transcription/translation factor expressed in >40% of breast cancers, where it is associated with poor prognosis, disease recurrence, and drug resistance. We questioned whether this may be linked to the ability of YB-1 to induce the expression of genes linked to cancer stem cells such as CD44 and CD49f. Herein,(More)
The close association of inflammation, angiogenesis and cancer progression is now highlighted, and in this study we especially focused on a close association of inflammation and lymphangiogenesis. We found that proinflammatory cytokine, interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), could induce lymphangiogenesis in mouse cornea through enhanced production of potent(More)
Attention has recently focused on the critical role of inflammatory responses in the tumor stroma that provide favorable conditions for cancer-cell growth and invasion/metastasis. In particular, macrophages recruited into the tumor stroma and activated, known as tumor-associated macrophages, are suggested to promote tumorigenesis. In this study, we examined(More)
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) modulates cell proliferation of various cancer cell types. However, it remains unclear how IGF-IGFBP-3-signaling is involved in growth and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of IGFBP-3 in HCC. Type 1 receptor for IGF (IGF-1R) was(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) ranks among the deadliest types of cancer and given these new therapies are urgently needed. To identify molecular targets, we queried a microarray profiling 467 human GBMs and discovered that polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) was highly expressed in these tumors and that it clustered with the proliferative subtype. Patients with(More)
The Y-box binding protein 1 (YB-1) is upregulated in many human malignancies including glioblastoma (GBM). It is also essential for normal brain development, suggesting that YB-1 is part of a neural stem cell (NSC) network. Here, we show that YB-1 was highly expressed in the subventricular zone (SVZ) of mouse fetal brain tissues but not in terminally(More)
Y-box binding protein-1 (YB-1) is the first reported oncogenic transcription factor to induce the tumor-initiating cell (TIC) surface marker CD44 in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells. In order for CD44 to be induced, YB-1 must be phosphorylated at S102 by p90 ribosomal S6 kinase (RSK). We therefore questioned whether RSK might be a tractable(More)
There is growing evidence that cancer-initiation could result from epigenetic changes. Y-box binding protein-1 (YB-1) is a transcription/translation factor that promotes the formation of tumors in transgenic mice; however, the underlying molecular events are not understood. To explore this in a human model system, YB-1 was expressed in mammary epithelial(More)
The eukaryotic Y-box-binding protein-1 (YB-1) is involved in the transcriptional and translational control of many biological processes, including cell proliferation. In clinical studies, the cellular level of YB-1 closely correlates with tumor growth and prognosis. To understand the role of YB-1 in vivo, especially in the developmental process, we(More)