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While the memory subsystem is already a major contributor to energy consumption of embedded systems, the guard-banding required for masking the effects of ever increasing manufacturing variations in memories imposes even more energy overhead. In this letter, we explore how partially-forgetful memories can be used by exploiting the intrinsic tolerance of a(More)
In this paper, three novel defuzzification methods are presented which are appropriate for low-cost hardware implementations. An elaborate set of ten different defuzzification methods including our three newly-proposed ones are introduced. The C models for all of these methods are prepared for the accuracy-analysis simulations. The HDL models are also(More)
This paper proposes reuse of on-chip networks for testing switches in network on chips (NoCs). The proposed algorithm broadcasts test vectors of switches through the on-chip networks and detects faults by comparing output responses of switches with each other. This algorithm alleviates the need for: (1) external comparison of the output response of the(More)
Complicated approaches to fault-tolerant voltage-scalable (FTVS) SRAM cache architectures can suffer from high overheads. We propose static (SPCS) and dynamic (DPCS) variants of power/capacity scaling, a simple and low-overhead fault-tolerant cache architecture that utilizes insights gained from our 45nm SOI test chip. Our mechanism combines multi-level(More)
Caches are known to consume a large part of total microprocessor power. Traditionally, voltage scaling has been used to reduce both dynamic and leakage power in caches. However, aggressive voltage reduction causes process-variation-induced failures in cache SRAM arrays, which compromise cache reliability. In this paper, we propose Flexible Fault-Tolerant(More)
With memories continuing to dominate the area, power, cost and performance of a design, there is a critical need to provision reliable, high-performance memory bandwidth for emerging applications. Memories are susceptible to degradation and failures from a wide range of manufacturing, operational and environmental effects, requiring a multi-layer(More)
—This paper deals with hardware implementation aspects of the defuzzification block in fuzzy controllers and processors. Three new defuzzification methods are introduced which are suitable for low cost hardware implementation. A complete set of common existing defuzzification methods are reviewed to be compared with these new methods from different hardware(More)
Technology scaling and process variation severely degrade the reliability of Chip Multiprocessors (CMPs), especially their large cache blocks. To improve cache reliability, we propose REMEDIATE, a scalable fault-tolerant architecture for low-power design of shared Non-Uniform Cache Access (NUCA) cache in Tiled CMPs. REMEDIATE achieves fault-tolerance(More)