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Wireless sensor networks consist of a large number of small, low-power sensors that communicate through wireless links. Wireless sensor networks for healthcare have emerged in recent years as a result of the need to collect data about patients' physical, physiological, and vital signs in the spaces ranging from personal to hospital and availability of the(More)
Recent advances in wireless sensor technology facilitate the development of remote healthcare systems, which can significantly reduce the healthcare cost. The use of general and efficient routing protocols for Healthcare wireless sensor networks (HWSN) has crucial significance. One of the critical issues is to assure the timely delivery of the life-critical(More)
The application of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) in healthcare is dominant and fast growing. In healthcare WSN applications (HWSNs) such as medical emergencies, the network may encounter an unpredictable load which leads to congestion. Congestion problem which is common in any data network including WSN, leads to packet loss, increasing end-to-end delay(More)
BACKGROUND The problems related to conventional Fenton oxidation, including low pH required and production of considerable amounts of sludge have led researchers to investigate chelating agents which might improve the operating range of pH and the use of nano iron particle to reduce the excess sludge. The pyrene removal from contaminated soils by modified(More)
This study aimed to characterize the effects of ethanol on the monopolar electrochemical process to remove Bacillus subtilis spores from drinking water. In particular, spores' destruction was tested by applying 20-100 mA current for 15-60 min to B. subtilis spores (10(2)-10(4) CFU/mL density), with stainless steel electrodes. The experimental results showed(More)
In the present study, the removal of phenol from synthetic wastewater was evaluated in a fixed bed reactor with up flow sludge blanket filtration (FUSBF) in comparison with a typical USBF system. At hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 24 hours and solid retention time (SRT) of 20 day, the effect of initial concentration of phenol (260-1020 mg/L) on phenol and(More)
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