Abbas Ali Mahdi

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BACKGROUND The Global Burden of Disease, Injuries, and Risk Factor study 2013 (GBD 2013) is the first of a series of annual updates of the GBD. Risk factor quantification, particularly of modifiable risk factors, can help to identify emerging threats to population health and opportunities for prevention. The GBD 2013 provides a timely opportunity to update(More)
BACKGROUND Remarkable financial and political efforts have been focused on the reduction of child mortality during the past few decades. Timely measurements of levels and trends in under-5 mortality are important to assess progress towards the Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG 4) target of reduction of child mortality by two thirds from 1990 to 2015, and(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia worldwide. The etiology is multifactorial, and pathophysiology of the disease is complex. Data indicate an exponential rise in the number of cases of AD, emphasizing the need for developing an effective treatment. AD also imposes tremendous emotional and financial burden to the patient's family(More)
BACKGROUND The putative genetic regulation of multidrug resistance gene-1 (MDR-1) gene expression and P-glycoprotein function has not yet been clearly delineated in patients with nephrotic syndrome (NS). We undertook this study to examine the distribution of three most frequent MDR-1 exonic polymorphisms G3435C, G2677T/A and C1236T in patients with NS and(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the impact of Mucuna pruriens seeds on semen profiles and biochemical levels in seminal plasma of infertile men. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING Departments of Biochemistry and Obstetrics and Gynecology, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India. PATIENT(S) Sixty normal healthy fertile men (controls) and 60 men(More)
p53 is well known as the "guardian of the genome" for differentiated and neoplastic cells. p53 induces cell-cycle arrest and cell death after DNA damage and thus contributes to the maintenance of genomic stability. In addition to this tumor suppressor function for pro-oncogenic cells, p53 also plays an important role as the central regulator of stress(More)
Failure or severe difficulty in conceiving a child is surprisingly common, worldwide problem. Half of these cases are due to male factors with defects in sperm (1 in 15 men) being the single most common cause. Also about 60–75 % of male infertility cases are idiopathic, since the molecular mechanisms underlying the defects remain unknown. DNA methylation is(More)
Proanthocyanidin is commonly used for inhibiting urinary tract infection (UTI) of sensitive strains of Escherichia coli. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of proanthocyanidin on adherence of uropathogenic multi-drug resistant E. coli to uroepithelial cells, which has not yet been investigated so far. Extracts of the purified(More)
Aluminum exposure is known to be associated with oxidative stress and cognitive decline in experimental animals but the precise mechanism of its neurotoxicity has not yet been delineated. The present study attempts to assess the learning and memory capacity of rats using Y-maze test for cognitive functioning. The markers of oxidative stress, e.g. lipid(More)
The lipid lowering activity of Anthocephalus indicus (family Rubiaceae; Hindi name Kadamba) root extract has been studied in triton WR-1339 induced hyperlipidemia in rats. In this model, feeding with root extract (500 mg kg(-1) b.w.) lowered plasma lipids and reactivated post-heparin lipolytic activity in hyperlipidemic rats. Furthermore, the root extract(More)