Abayomi O Sijuade

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Drug resistance in Plasmodium falciparum is common in many endemic and other settings but there is no clear recommendation on when to change therapy when there is delay in parasite clearance after initiation of therapy in African children. The factors contributing to delay in parasite clearance, defined as a clearance time > 2 d, in falciparum malaria were(More)
The activities of artesunate-cotrimoxazole and artesunate-amodiaquine combinations against asexual-and sexual-stage parasites were evaluated in 182 Nigerian children with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. One hundred and twenty-one children received artesunate-cotrimoxazole and 61 received artesunate-amodiaquine and all were followed up for 28(More)
Although, in in-vitro and limited in-vivo studies, chlorpheniramine (CP) and promethazine (PR) have each been shown to reverse chloroquine (CQ) resistance, the pharmacokinetic basis of this reversal has not been fully elucidated. In the present study, 15 healthy volunteers were randomly allotted to receive standard doses of CQ alone or in combination with(More)
The treatment efficacy of artesunate-amodiaquine (AQ) coformulated or copackaged, and the plasma and saliva concentrations of desethylamodiaquine (DEAQ), the active metabolite of AQ, were evaluated in 120 and 7 children, respectively, with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria treated with oral daily doses of the 2 formulations for 3 days. All(More)
Artesunate plus sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine is one of the four artemisinin-based combination therapies currently recommended by WHO as first-line treatment for falciparum malaria. Sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine is also used for intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in pregnancy. Drug use patterns and drug pharmacokinetics are important factors impacting(More)
Sulfadoxine (SDX)-pyrimethamine is currently recommended as a partner drug with artesunate in the chemotherapy of malaria. However, information on pharmacokinetic disposition of SDX-pyrimethamine in children is limited. Efforts in this study were thus devoted to evaluation of pharmacokinetic disposition of SDX using high-pressure liquid chromatographic(More)
The clinical characteristics and the responses to oral antimalarial therapy of 104 children presenting consecutively with or without Plasmodium falciparum hyperparasitaemia (HP) were investigated in an endemic area. At presentation, although the 52 children with HP were significantly younger and had significantly higher heart rates than the 52 without,(More)
OBJECTIVES There are concerns with inappropriate prescribing of medicines among dentists especially antimicrobials. It is more concerning if this increases resistance rates. This study aimed to address this by assessing patterns of drugs prescribed for outpatients attending a hospital dental clinic in Nigeria. The findings will be used to plan future(More)
Mefloquine-artesunate is a formulation of artemisinin based combination therapy (ACT) recommended by the World Health Organization and historically the first ACT used clinically. The use of ACT demands constant monitoring of therapeutic efficacies and drug levels, in order to ensure that optimum drug exposure is achieved and detect reduced susceptibility to(More)
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