Aat M Ledeboer

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The structural gene of the sweet-tasting plant protein (prepro)thaumatin was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. Expression was effected under control of lac and trp promoter/operator systems and through the use of bacterial ribosome-binding sites. The naturally occurring thaumatin II represents a processed form. The primary translation product,(More)
A gene library from the methanol utilizing yeast Hansenula polymorpha, constructed in a lambda Charon4A vector, was used to clone the gene encoding a key methanol assimilating enzyme, dihydroxyacetone synthase (DHAS) by differential plaque hybridization. The nucleotide sequence of the 2106 bp structural gene and the 5' and 3' non-coding regions was(More)
The production of pediocin PA-1, a small heat-stable bacteriocin, is associated with the presence of the 9.4-kbp plasmid pSRQ11 in Pediococcus acidilactici PAC1.0. It was shown by subcloning of pSRQ11 in Escherichia coli cloning vectors that pediocin PA-1 is produced and, most probably, secreted by E. coli cells. Deletion analysis showed that a 5.6-kbp(More)
Pediocin PA-1 is a bacteriocin which is produced by Pediococcus acidilactici PAC1.0. We demonstrate that pediocin PA-1 kills sensitive Pediococcus cells and acts on the cytoplasmic membrane. In contrast to its lack of impact on immune cells, pediocin PA-1 dissipates the transmembrane electrical potential and inhibits amino acid transport in sensitive cells.(More)
The structural gene and the regulatory DNA sequence of the yeast Hansenula polymorpha methanol oxidase have been isolated. According to the nucleotide sequence data obtained, the structural gene encodes a 664 amino acids long protein, contains no intervening sequences, and the 5'- and 3'-non-coding region contains several sequences implicated in(More)
Directly upstream of the Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris Wg2 proteinase gene is an oppositely directed open reading frame (ORF1). The complete nucleotide sequence of ORF1, encoding a 33-kilodalton protein, was determined. A protein of approximately 32 kilodaltons was synthesized when ORF1 was expressed in Escherichia coli by using a T7 RNA(More)
Proline iminopeptidase produced by Propionibacterium shermanii plays an essential role in the flavor development of Swiss-type cheeses. The enzyme (Pip) was purified and characterized, and the gene (pip) was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli and Lactococcus lactis, the latter species being an extensively studied, primary cheese starter culture that(More)
The bacteriocin pediocin PA-1 operon of Pediococcus acidilactici PAC1.0 encompasses four genes: pedA, pedB, pedC and pedD. Transcription of the operon results in the formation of two overlapping transcripts, probably originating from a single promoter upstream of pedA. The major transcript comprises pedA, pedB, and pedC, while a minor transcript encompasses(More)
The advantages of Hansenula polymorpha as a new yeast expression system are discussed in terms of the powerful and regulatable methanol oxidase promoter and the organism's ability to grow on cheap carbon sources. The development of techniques for conventional genetic analysis is described. A total of 218 mutants have been assigned to 62 complementation(More)
Various maturation forms of the plant protein thaumatin were expressed in yeast, using a promoter fragment of the glyceraldehyde- 3P -dehydrogenase (GAPDH) gene. Plasmids encoding preprothaumatin were shown to direct the synthesis of a processed form of the plant protein. The important role of signal sequences in the expression of the plant protein in yeast(More)