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BACKGROUND Despite considerable interest, there is no consensus regarding the prevalence of depression in later life. AIMS To assess the prevalence of late-life depression in the community. METHOD A systematic review of community-based studies of the prevalence of depression in later life (55+). Literature was analysed by level of caseness at which(More)
The Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA) is a multi-site naturalistic cohort study to: (1) describe the long-term course and consequences of depressive and anxiety disorders, and (2) to integrate biological and psychosocial research paradigms within an epidemiological approach in order to examine (interaction between) predictors of the(More)
BACKGROUND Depression may be a potential risk factor for subsequent cardiac death. The impact of depression on cardiac mortality has been suggested to depend on cardiac disease status, and to be stronger among cardiac patients. This study examined and compared the effect of depression on cardiac mortality in community-dwelling persons with and without(More)
BACKGROUND Data on the duration of major depressive episodes (MDE) in the general population are sparse. AIMS To assess the duration of MDE and its clinical and socio-demographic determinants in a study group drawn from the general population with newly originated episodes of major depression. METHOD The Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to examine the comorbidity of and communality of risk factors associated with major depressive disorder and anxiety disorders in later life. METHOD A random age- and sex-stratified community-based sample (N=3,056) of the elderly (age 55-85 years) in the Netherlands was studied. A two-stage screening design was used,(More)
OBJECTIVE A growing number of studies have tested the efficacy of preventive interventions in reducing the incidence of depressive disorders. Until now, no meta-analysis has integrated the results of these studies. METHOD The authors conducted a meta-analysis. After a comprehensive literature search, 19 studies were identified that met inclusion criteria.(More)
BACKGROUND The association between depression and mortality in older community-dwelling populations is still unresolved. This study determined the effect of both minor and major depression on mortality and examined the role of confounding and explanatory variables on this relationship. METHODS A cohort of 3056 men and women from the Netherlands aged 55 to(More)
BACKGROUND Depression and generalised anxiety disorder frequently overlap. The question remains unresolved whether these are specific disorders, or that they represent different dimensions of a single disorder. Although both are highly prevalent disorders in this age group, studies on this issue in the elderly are scarce. Research is needed that(More)
BACKGROUND This study describes the differences in psychological distress, disability and psychosocial resources between types of major medical conditions and sensory impairments (collectively denoted as CMCs); and tests whether disability and psychosocial resources mediate CMC-specific mental health effects. METHODS Data were obtained from a(More)
BACKGROUND In an 11-country European collaboration, 14 population-based surveys included 21,724 subjects aged > or = 65 years. Most participating centres used the Geriatric Mental State (GMS), but other measures were also used. AIMS To derive from these instruments a common depression symptoms scale, the EURO-D, to allow comparison of risk factor profiles(More)