Learn More
BACKGROUND Despite considerable interest, there is no consensus regarding the prevalence of depression in later life. AIMS To assess the prevalence of late-life depression in the community. METHOD A systematic review of community-based studies of the prevalence of depression in later life (55+). Literature was analysed by level of caseness at which(More)
The Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA) is a multi-site naturalistic cohort study to: (1) describe the long-term course and consequences of depressive and anxiety disorders, and (2) to integrate biological and psychosocial research paradigms within an epidemiological approach in order to examine (interaction between) predictors of the(More)
The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale (CES-D) has been widely used in studies of late-life depression. Psychometric properties are generally favourable, but data on the criterion validity of the CES-D in elderly community-based samples are lacking. In a sample of older (55-85 years) inhabitants of the Netherlands, 487 subjects were selected(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to examine the comorbidity of and communality of risk factors associated with major depressive disorder and anxiety disorders in later life. METHOD A random age- and sex-stratified community-based sample (N=3,056) of the elderly (age 55-85 years) in the Netherlands was studied. A two-stage screening design was used,(More)
BACKGROUND Depression may be a potential risk factor for subsequent cardiac death. The impact of depression on cardiac mortality has been suggested to depend on cardiac disease status, and to be stronger among cardiac patients. This study examined and compared the effect of depression on cardiac mortality in community-dwelling persons with and without(More)
BACKGROUND Data from surveys involving 21,724 subjects aged > or = 65 years were analysed using a harmonised depression symptom scale, the EURO-D. AIMS To describe and compare the effects of age, gender and mental status on depressive symptoms across Europe. METHOD We tested for the effects of centre, age, gender and marital status on EURO-D score.(More)
BACKGROUND Depression in the elderly was found to be associated with a variety of risk-factors in cross sectional designs. Based on the vulnerability-stress model, etiologic pathways for depression have been suggested, with vulnerability modifying the effect of stress factors. The current prospective study tests an etiologic model for depression incidence,(More)
OBJECTIVE Suicidal ideation and suicide attempts are important indicators of extreme emotional distress. However, little is known about predictors of onset and course of suicidality in the general population. Our study tried to fill this gap by analyzing data from a prospectively followed community sample. METHOD Data were derived from the Netherlands(More)
OBJECTIVE A growing number of studies have tested the efficacy of preventive interventions in reducing the incidence of depressive disorders. Until now, no meta-analysis has integrated the results of these studies. METHOD The authors conducted a meta-analysis. After a comprehensive literature search, 19 studies were identified that met inclusion criteria.(More)
BACKGROUND Depression is a common and disabling psychiatric disorder in later life. Particular frail nursing home patients seem to be at increased risk. Nursing home-based studies on risk indicators of depression are scarce. METHODS Prevalence and risk indicators of depression were assessed in 333 nursing home patients living on somatic wards of 14(More)