Aarti R. Shah

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OBJECTIVES Amyloid-beta(42) (Abeta(42)) appears central to Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis and is a major component of amyloid plaques. Mean cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) Abeta(42) is decreased in dementia of the Alzheimer's type. This decrease may reflect plaques acting as an Abeta(42) "sink," hindering transport of soluble Abeta(42) between brain and(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology is estimated to develop many years before detectable cognitive decline. Fluid and imaging biomarkers may identify people in early symptomatic and even preclinical stages, possibly when potential treatments can best preserve cognitive function. We previously reported that cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of amyloid-beta(42)(More)
Results of recent studies reveal vascular and neuroprotective effects of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) inhibition and MMP-9 gene deletion in experimental stroke. However, the cellular source of MMP-9 produced in the ischemic brain and the mechanistic basis of MMP-9-mediated brain injury require elucidation. In the present study, we used MMP-9-/- mice(More)
BACKGROUND HIV-associated neurologic disorders (HAND) continue to develop in many patients with HIV. CSF amyloid measurements in HAND have been reported to be similar to those in dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT). Confirmatory evaluation of this finding in carefully evaluated subjects is needed. METHODS CSF specimens were obtained from subjects(More)
Hypoxic-ischemic (H-I) injury to the brain in the perinatal period often leads to significant long-term neurological deficits. In a model of neonatal H-I injury in postnatal day 7 rats, our previous data have shown that cell death with features of apoptosis is prominent between 6 and 24 h after H-I and that neurotrophins, particularly BDNF, can markedly(More)
OBJECTIVE For therapies for Alzheimer's disease (AD) to have the greatest impact, it will likely be necessary to treat individuals in the "preclinical" (presymptomatic) stage. Fluid and neuroimaging measures are being explored as possible biomarkers of AD pathology that could aid in identifying individuals in this stage to target them for clinical trials(More)
BACKGROUND To date, there have been no reports of individuals who have been characterized longitudinally using clinical and cognitive measures and who transitioned from cognitive normality to early symptomatic Alzheimer disease (AD) during a period when both cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) markers and Pittsburgh Compound B (PiB) amyloid imaging were obtained. (More)
Apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) alleles may shift the onset of Alzheimer's disease (AD) through apoE protein isoforms changing the probability of amyloid-β (Aβ) accumulation. It has been proposed that differential physical interactions of apoE isoforms with soluble Aβ (sAβ) in brain fluids influence the metabolism of Aβ, providing a mechanism to account for(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously characterised functional brain abnormalities in young adults at genetic risk for late-onset Alzheimer's disease. To gain further knowledge on the preclinical phase of Alzheimer's disease, we sought to characterise structural and functional MRI, CSF, and plasma biomarkers in a cohort of young adults carrying a high-penetrance(More)
Very recent studies in adult gerbils and rats have shown that exposure to sublethal ischemia can confer neuroprotection from subsequent lethal ischemic episodes. To determine if a similar phenomenon can be elicited during the perinatal period, we have developed a preconditioning regimen that involves exposure to normothermic hypoxia (8% oxygen) 24 h prior(More)