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Endothelial injury is a major manifestation of septic shock induced by LPS. Recently, LPS was shown to induce apoptosis in different types of endothelial cells. In this study, we observed that pretreatment with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a known cell survival factor, blocked LPS-induced apoptosis in endothelial cells. We then further defined(More)
Activation of rat splenic lymphocytes by concanavalin A resulted in two-fold increase in Ptdlns 4-kinase activity and rapid tyrosine phosphorylation of the enzyme. The activation kinetics showed a strong correlation with tyrosine phosphorylation state of the enzyme. Characterization of the enzyme activity suggests that it is a type II PtdIns 4-kinase.(More)
T cells show rapid reorganization of cytoskeleton in response to antigenic stimulation. The molecular mechanisms by which TCR-CD3 regulates actin cytoskeleton are not well defined. Here we show that a type II PtdIns 4-kinase associates with cytoskeletal fraction in splenic lymphocytes in response to Con A. Protein tyrosyl phosphorylation of type II PtdIns(More)
Recent evidence suggests that concanavalin A modulates tyrosyl phosphorylation and activation of a type II PtdIns 4-kinase in rat splenic lymphocytes. However, the regulatory protein tyrosine kinase(s) remain to be elusive. The present manuscript provides evidence that a type II PtdIns 4-kinase associates with p56(lck) in Con A stimulated rat splenic(More)
The chemokine receptor CXCR4 and its cognate ligand, stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha (CXCL12), regulate lymphocyte trafficking and play an important role in host immune surveillance. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in CXCL12-induced and CXCR4-mediated chemotaxis of T-lymphocytes are not completely elucidated. In the present study, we examined(More)
The chemokine-CXCL12 and its receptor, CXCR4, have recently been shown to play an important role in regulating the directional migration of breast cancer cells to sites of metastasis. In the present study, we showed that CXCL12 enhanced the chemotaxis, chemoinvasion and adhesive properties of breast cancer cells; parameters that are critical for development(More)
Chemokines and their receptors play a critical role in host immune surveillance and are important mediators of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pathogenesis and inflammatory response. The chemokine receptors CCR5 and CXCR4, which act as co-receptors along with CD4 for HIV docking and entry, are down-modulated by their respective ligands,(More)
Slit, which mediates its function by binding to the Roundabout (Robo) receptor, has been shown to regulate neuronal and CXCR4-mediated leukocyte migration. Slit-2 was shown to be frequently inactivated in lung and breast cancers because of hypermethylation of its promoter region. Furthermore, the CXCR4/CXCL12 axis has been reported recently to be actively(More)
PROBLEM Syncytiotrophoblast microvesicles (STBM) are shed from placenta into the maternal circulation. STBM circulate in increased amounts in adverse pregnancies, e.g., preeclampsia and recurrent miscarriages (RM). Recently dysregulation of lipid metabolites has been proposed to be associated with their pathogenesis. Lipid composition of STBM in healthy and(More)
The immune system and nervous system display striking similarities. Fernandis and Ganju discuss yet another example where a protein (Slit) originally identified for its role in modulating axon pathfinding is able to regulate immune cell migration. Slit isoforms expressed in the nervous system interact with members of the Robo receptor family to modify(More)