Aaron R Kunzer

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Proteins in the Bcl-2 family are central regulators of programmed cell death, and members that inhibit apoptosis, such as Bcl-X(L) and Bcl-2, are overexpressed in many cancers and contribute to tumour initiation, progression and resistance to therapy. Bcl-X(L) expression correlates with chemo-resistance of tumour cell lines, and reductions in Bcl-2 increase(More)
Apoptosis is regulated by the BCL-2 family of proteins, which is comprised of both pro-death and pro-survival members. Evasion of apoptosis is a hallmark of malignant cells. One way in which cancer cells achieve this evasion is thru overexpression of the pro-survival members of the BCL-2 family. Overexpression of MCL-1, a pro-survival protein, has been(More)
Overexpression of prosurvival proteins such as Bcl-2 and Bcl-X L has been correlated with tumorigenesis and resistance to chemotherapy, and thus, the development of antagonists of these proteins may provide a novel means for the treatment of cancer. We recently described the discovery of 1 (ABT-737), which binds Bcl-2, Bcl-X L, and Bcl-w with high affinity,(More)
The molecular chaperone HSP90 has been shown to facilitate cancer cell survival by stabilizing key proteins responsible for a malignant phenotype. We report here the results of parallel fragment-based drug design approaches in the design of novel HSP90 inhibitors. Initial aminopyrimidine leads were elaborated using high-throughput organic synthesis to yield(More)
Survivin is one of the most tumor-specific genes in the human genome and is an attractive target for cancer therapy. However, small-molecule ligands for survivin have not yet been described. Thus, an interrogation of survivin which could potentially both validate a small-molecule therapy approach, and determine the biochemical nature of any of survivin's(More)
Overexpression of the antiapototic proteins Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL provides a common mechanism through which cancer cells gain a survival advantage and become resistant to conventional chemotherapy. Inhibition of these prosurvival proteins is an attractive strategy for cancer therapy. We recently described the discovery of a selective Bcl-xL antagonist that(More)
The easily accessible 2-aryl-1,1-dibromo-1-alkenes can be converted to amides under unusually mild conditions in good to excellent yields. Both electron-donating and electron-withdrawing substitutions on the aromatic rings are tolerated, and the reaction works well with hindered alkylamines. This simple homologation could find broad applications. [reaction:(More)
Development of a rationally designed potentiator of cancer chemotherapy, via inhibition of Bcl-X(L) function, is described. Lead compounds generated by NMR screening and directed parallel synthesis displayed sub-microM binding but were strongly deactivated in the presence of serum. The dominant component of serum deactivation was identified as domain III of(More)
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