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A mixed population, enriched and established in a defined medium, from a sewage sludge inoculum was capable of complete mineralization of 4-chlorobenzoate. An organism, identified as Arthrobacter sp., was isolated from the consortium and shown to be capable of utilizing 4-chlorobenzoate as the sole carbon and energy source in pure culture. This organism(More)
New Zealand, like other southern hemisphere countries with a temperate climate, has been in the winter period with seasonal influenza activity. New Zealand has also experienced a dramatic increase in the number of cases of pandemic influenza A(H1N1)v virus. Early reports from the northern hemisphere at the beginning of the pandemic showed that the virus was(More)
An Arthrobacter sp. has been shown to dehalogenate 4-chlorobenzoate yielding 4-hydroxybenzoate. Experiments with 18O indicate that, in the presence of cell-free extracts, the hydroxyl group which is substituted onto the aromatic nucleus during dehalogenation is derived from water and not from molecular oxygen. Dehalogenation therefore is not catalysed by a(More)
A range of oligosaccharide ester derivatives (OEDs) have been designed as drug delivery matrices for controlled release. The synthetic hormone analogue, leuprolide, was encapsulated within these matrices using hydrophobic ion pairing and solvent spray drying. The particles produced modified the release of leuprolide in vitro (dissolution in phosphate(More)
The mechanisms of metal resistance of a cadmium-resistant Alcaligenes sp. were studied. Growth in a defined medium was unaffected by cadmium at concentrations up to 0.1 mM, while at concentrations up to 2.5 mM, growth occurred after an extended lag phase. The increase in length of the lag phase was abolished by repeated subculturing at these higher(More)
Human serum albumin has been constitutively expressed in a Saccharomyces cerevisiae brewing yeast. After cell growth and disruption the product was associated with the insoluble fraction and represented approximately 1% of total cell protein. After the cell debris was extensively washed, the albumin was solubilized with 8 M urea and 28 mM 2-mercaptoethanol(More)
A powder formulation of live-attenuated measles vaccine is being developed for administration to the lungs. The safety and efficacy of the powder will be assessed by insufflation into cynomolgus monkeys. A Penn Century insufflator has been evaluated for powder dosing to the monkeys using an insulin formulation having similar physicochemical characteristics(More)
The effect of 0, 5, 10 and 25 mg l-1 cadmium on the growth of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in defined medium has been investigated. It was found that the length of the lag phase increased with cadmium concentration and that metal uptake during the lag phase occurred only at a cadmium concentration of 25 mg l-1. However, metal uptake occurred at all cadmium(More)
The conditions for refolding reduced and denatured human serum albumin (HSA) were investigated with a view to maximising the yield of native monomeric albumin. Refolding by dialysis was found to be preferable to dilution as a means of chaotrope (urea) and reductant (2-mercaptoethanol) removal. Dialysis of denatured HSA solutions containing 4-8 M urea and 14(More)
Biomedical sensors have long been used to monitor patients in hospitals and emergency settings. Until recently, these sensors were connected to their respective monitors through an array of cumbersome wires. Recent research has made it possible for biomedical sensors to communicate over wireless links, creating new opportunities for patients and caregivers.(More)