Aaron P. Seitz

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The sepsis syndrome represents an improper immune response to infection and is associated with unacceptably high rates of mortality and morbidity. The interactions between T cells and the innate immune system while combating sepsis are poorly understood. In this report, we observed that treatment with the potent, antiapoptotic cytokine interleukin-7 (IL-7)(More)
AIMS Pulmonary infections with Pseudomonas aeruginosa are a serious clinical problem and are often lethal. Because many strains of P. aeruginosa are resistant to antibiotics, therapeutic options are limited. Neutrophils play an important role in the host's early acute defense against pulmonary P. aeruginosa. Therefore, it is important to define the(More)
Acid sphingomyelinase and ceramide have previously been shown to play a central role in infections with Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhimurium, Escherichia coli, and Mycobacterium avium. Recent studies have extended the role of sphingolipids in bacterial infections and have(More)
BACKGROUND Hematogenous metastasis of malignant tumor cells is a multistep process that requires release of tumor cells from the local tumor mass, interaction of the tumor cells with platelets in the blood, and adhesion of either the activated tumor cells or the complexes of platelets and tumor cells to the endothelial cells of the target organ. We have(More)
Survival during sepsis requires both swift control of infectious organisms and tight regulation of the associated inflammatory response. As the role of T cells in sepsis is somewhat controversial, we examined the impact of increasing antigen-dependent activation of CD4 T cells in a murine model of cecal ligation and puncture using T-cell receptor transgenic(More)
Burn patients with concomitant pulmonary Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) infection have mortality rates as high as 50%, despite antibiotic therapy. Sphingosine is generated from ceramide via ceramidase and has been reported to have antimicrobial properties. We observed a reduction in sphingosine and a concurrent increase in ceramide in bronchial epithelial(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) infections occur early in a high percentage of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients and it is believed that these infections facilitate further colonization of CF lungs with Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa). Previous studies demonstrated a marked reduction of sphingosine in tracheal and bronchial(More)
Chronic pulmonary colonization with bacterial pathogens, particularly Pseudomonas aeruginosa, is the primary cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). We observed that β1-integrins accumulate on the luminal membrane of upper-airway epithelial cells from mice and humans with CF. β1-integrin accumulation is due to increased(More)
Sphingosine is a natural sphingolipid found in membranes of all eukaryotic cells. In addition to its functions in cell signaling, sphingosine has broad-spectrum antimicrobial properties. Sphingosine's role as an antimicrobial is important in tissues such as the skin and respiratory epithelium. Reduction in the normal sphingosine level is associated with(More)