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Singlet oxygen is the primary agent of photooxidative stress in microorganisms. In photosynthetic microorganisms, sensitized generation by pigments of the photosystems is the main source of singlet oxygen and, in nonphotosynthetic microorganisms, cellular cofactors such as flavins, rhodopsins, quinones, and porphyrins serve as photosensitizer. Singlet(More)
Photosynthetic organisms need defense systems against photooxidative stress caused by the generation of highly reactive singlet oxygen ((1)O(2)). Here we show that the alternative sigma factor RpoH(II) is required for the expression of important defense factors and that deletion of rpoH(II) leads to increased sensitivity against exposure to (1)O(2) and(More)
Organisms performing photosynthesis in the presence of oxygen have to cope with the formation of highly reactive singlet oxygen ((1)O(2)) and need to mount an adaptive response to photooxidative stress. Here we show that the alternative sigma factors RpoH(I) and RpoH(II) are both involved in the (1)O(2) response and in the heat stress response in(More)
Singlet oxygen ((1)O2) is the main agent of photooxidative stress and is generated by photosensitizers as (bacterio)chlorophylls. It leads to the damage of cellular macromolecules and therefore photosynthetic organisms have to mount an adaptive response to (1)O2 formation. A major player of the photooxidative stress response in Rhodobacter sphaeroides is(More)
Roseobacter clade aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria (AAnP) are abundant in photic zone environments of marine ecosystems. These bacteria form a photosynthetic apparatus at oxygen saturation, a situation expected to generate high levels of singlet oxygen (¹O₂) when light is present. Rhodobacter sphaeroides, an anaerobic anoxygenic phototroph,(More)
RNA structures are fundamentally important for RNA function. Dynamic, condition-dependent structural changes are able to modulate gene expression as shown for riboswitches and RNA thermometers. By parallel analysis of RNA structures, we mapped the RNA structurome of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis at three different temperatures. This human pathogen is(More)
In this study we investigated the influence of the global response regulator PhoP on the complex regulatory cascade controlling expression of early stage virulence genes of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis via the virulence regulator RovA. Our analysis revealed the following novel features: (1) PhoP activates expression of the CsrC RNA in Y. pseudotuberculosis,(More)
Pathogenic bacteria have evolved numerous virulence mechanisms that are essential for establishing infections. The enterobacterium Yersinia uses a type III secretion system (T3SS) encoded by a 70-kilobase, low-copy, IncFII-class virulence plasmid. We report a novel virulence strategy in Y. pseudotuberculosis in which this pathogen up-regulates the plasmid(More)
One hallmark of pathogenic yersiniae is their ability to rapidly adjust their life-style and pathogenesis upon host entry. In order to capture the range, magnitude and complexity of the underlying gene control mechanisms we used comparative RNA-seq-based transcriptomic profiling of the enteric pathogen Y. pseudotuberculosis under environmental and(More)
The two-component regulatory system PhoP/PhoQ has been shown to (i) control expression of virulence-associated traits, (ii) confer survival and growth within macrophages and (iii) play a role in Yersinia infections. However, the influence of PhoP on virulence varied greatly between different murine models of infection and its role in natural oral infections(More)