Aaron M. Cheng

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SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA The transfusion of more than 6 units of packed red blood cells (PRBCs) within the first 12 hours of injury is the strongest independent predictor of multiple organ failure (MOF). This suggests that stored blood contains bioactive factors that may modify the immunoinflammatory response. METHODS To simulate postinjury major(More)
BACKGROUND Red blood cell (pRBC) transfusion is an independent risk factor for multiple organ failure (MOF); a maladaptive immuno-inflammatory response is implicated. Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is one putative mediator of this response. We previously observed that injured patients resuscitated with pRBCs have increased plasma IL-8 compared with those given human(More)
Most authorities believe that the greatest need for blood substitutes is in patients with unanticipated acute blood loss, and trauma is the most likely scenario. The blood substitutes reaching advanced clinical trials today are red blood cell (RBC) substitutes, derived from hemoglobin. The hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs) tested currently in FDA(More)
BACKGROUND Complications after pulmonary resection lead to higher costs of care. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for lobectomy is associated with fewer complications, but lower inpatient costs for VATS have not been uniformly demonstrated. Because some complications occur after discharge, we compared 90-day costs of VATS lobectomy versus open(More)
BACKGROUND Practice guidelines recommend routine use of pulmonary function tests (PFTs), computed tomography (CT), and positron emission tomography (PET) for the workup of resectable lung cancer patients. Little is known about the frequency of guideline concordance in routine practice. METHODS A cohort study (2007 to 2013) of 15,951 lung cancer patients(More)
BACKGROUND Mesenteric lymph may provide the mechanistic link between gut ischemia and acute lung injury after hemorrhagic shock (HS). Studies have focused on the toxic mediators that develop in the post-shock mesenteric lymph (PSML). However, a complementary possibility is that there is loss of protective mediators found in pre-shock normal mesenteric lymph(More)
PURPOSE Optimizing evidence-based care to improve quality is a critical priority in the United States. We sought to examine adherence to imaging guideline recommendations for staging in patients with locally advanced lung cancer in a national cohort. METHODS We identified 3,808 patients with stage IIB, IIIA, or IIIB lung cancer by using the national(More)
BACKGROUND Crystalloid infusion has been the standard prehospital fluid resuscitation in the United States for the past 35 years, but the emergence of a safe and effective hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier (HBOC) may change that practice. The purpose of this in vivo study is to simulate an existing multicenter prehospital trial of HBOC versus crystalloid to(More)
Mesenteric hypoperfusion due to circulatory shock is a key event in the pathogenesis of subsequent distant organ injury. Postshock mesenteric lymph (PSML) has been shown to contain proinflammatory mediators elaborated from the ischemic gut. We hypothesize that the relative bioactivity of PSML depends on the depth and duration of circulatory shock. To first(More)
BACKGROUND A regional quality improvement effort does not exist for thoracic surgery in the United States. To initiate the development of one, we sought to describe temporal trends and hospital-level variability in associated outcomes and costs of pulmonary resection in Washington (WA) State. METHODS A cohort study (2000-2011) was conducted of operated-on(More)