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BACKGROUND Vitamin D deficiency is associated with significant increases in the incidence of cardiovascular risk factors and mortality. However, the mechanisms underlying this association remain unclear. The current study evaluated the possible relationships among vitamin D status, endothelial dysfunction, and inflammation. METHODS Plasma concentrations(More)
Impaired platelet responsiveness to nitric oxide (NO resistance) is a common characteristic of many cardiovascular disease states and represents an independent risk factor for cardiac events and mortality. NO resistance reflects both scavenging of NO by superoxide (O2(-)), and impairment of the NO receptor, soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC). There is thus an(More)
Aortic sclerosis (ASc) represents the earliest stage of development of aortic valve thickening, and may eventually progress to aortic valve stenosis (AS). ASc is associated with intra-valvular inflammatory activation, and potentially with attenuation of the anti-inflammatory effect of nitric oxide (NO). We have shown that ASc occurs less frequently in obese(More)
BACKGROUND Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with incremental risk of atherosclerosis and possibly of cardiovascular events. Insulin resistance (IR) occurs frequently in PCOS subjects, which might be one of the mechanisms involved in engendering such risk. We sought to evaluate whether the impact of other factors potentially associated both(More)
MATERIALS AND METHODS Two hundred patients at steady-state on long-term perhexiline were identified retrospectively. The ratio of maintenance dose to steady-state plasma concentration (dose:[Px]) was correlated with the following putative determinants via simple and multiple linear regression analyses: age, weight, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF),(More)
BACKGROUND FDG PET/CT with myocardial perfusion imaging is a useful method for evaluating cardiac sarcoidosis (CS), but interpretation is not standardized. We developed a method for quantification of cardiac FDG PET/CT and evaluated its relationship to conventional interpretation, perfusion defects, clinical events, and immunosuppressive treatment. (More)
BACKGROUND Impaired generation and signaling of nitric oxide (NO) contribute substantially to cardiovascular (CV) risk (CVR) associated with hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes mellitus. In our rapidly aging society, advanced age is, in itself, a consistent and independent CVR factor. Many processes involved in aging are modulated by NO. We therefore(More)
Aortic valve stenosis (AS) is the commonest form of valvular heart disease in the Western world. Its prevalence increases exponentially with age and it is present in 2-7% of all patients over 65 years of age. In view of the considerable cardiovascular morbidity and mortality associated not only with AS, but even its earlier stage, aortic sclerosis, many(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to identify clinical, physiological, and biochemical correlates, including markers of endothelial dysfunction and of tissue nitric oxide (NO) responsiveness, of the presence of aortic sclerosis (ASc) in an aging population. BACKGROUND Aortic sclerosis has been regarded predominantly as a precursor of hemodynamically significant aortic(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to compare the impact of aging on nitric oxide (NO) modulation of platelet and vascular function in healthy women and women with polycystic ovary syndrome. METHODS AND RESULTS A case-control study of women ages 18 to 60 years, comparing women with polycystic ovarian syndrome against age-matched healthy controls,(More)