Aaron L Sverdlov

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BACKGROUND Vitamin D deficiency is associated with significant increases in the incidence of cardiovascular risk factors and mortality. However, the mechanisms underlying this association remain unclear. The current study evaluated the possible relationships among vitamin D status, endothelial dysfunction, and inflammation. METHODS Plasma concentrations(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW We focus on the molecular and cellular basis of the improvement in myocardial energetics, which might represent an attractive therapeutic option in some forms of acute and chronic heart disease. RECENT FINDINGS Myocardial dysfunction, whether related to left ventricular hypertrophy, heart failure or myocardial ischaemia, is frequently(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to identify clinical, physiological, and biochemical correlates, including markers of endothelial dysfunction and of tissue nitric oxide (NO) responsiveness, of the presence of aortic sclerosis (ASc) in an aging population. BACKGROUND Aortic sclerosis has been regarded predominantly as a precursor of hemodynamically significant aortic(More)
Impaired platelet responsiveness to nitric oxide (NO resistance) is a common characteristic of many cardiovascular disease states and represents an independent risk factor for cardiac events and mortality. NO resistance reflects both scavenging of NO by superoxide (O2(-)), and impairment of the NO receptor, soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC). There is thus an(More)
Understanding of the pathophysiology of aortic valve stenosis (AVS) and finding potentially effective treatments are impeded by the lack of suitable AVS animal models. A previous study demonstrated the development of AVS in rabbits with vitamin D(2) and cholesterol supplementation without any hemodynamic changes in the cholesterol supplemented group alone.(More)
BACKGROUND Impaired tissue responsiveness to nitric oxide (NO) occurs in many cardiovascular diseases as well as with advanced age and is a correlate of poor outcomes. This phenomenon results from oxidative stress, with NO "scavenging" and dysfunction of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC). Thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) is a major intracellular(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity leads to metabolic heart disease (MHD) that is associated with a pathologic increase in myocardial fatty acid (FA) uptake and impairment of mitochondrial function. The mechanism of mitochondrial dysfunction in MHD, which results in oxidant production and decreased energetics, is poorly understood but may be related to excess FAs.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Nitrite (NO₂⁻) has recently been shown to represent a potential source of NO, in particular under hypoxic conditions. The aim of the current study was to compare the haemodynamic effects of NO₂⁻ in healthy volunteers and patients with stable congestive heart failure (CHF). EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH The acute haemodynamic effects of(More)
Aortic valve stenosis (AS) is the commonest form of valvular heart disease in the Western world. Its prevalence increases exponentially with age and it is present in 2-7% of all patients over 65 years of age. In view of the considerable cardiovascular morbidity and mortality associated not only with AS, but even its earlier stage, aortic sclerosis, many(More)
BACKGROUND Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with incremental risk of atherosclerosis and possibly of cardiovascular events. Insulin resistance (IR) occurs frequently in PCOS subjects, which might be one of the mechanisms involved in engendering such risk. We sought to evaluate whether the impact of other factors potentially associated both(More)