Aaron J. Small

Learn More
BACKGROUND Self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) are used for colonic obstruction palliatively and preoperatively. OBJECTIVE Determine long-term efficacy, incidence of complications, and risk factors of SEMS placement for colonic obstruction. DESIGN Retrospective review of SEMSs placed for malignant colorectal obstruction from 1999 to 2008. SETTING(More)
Infection of epithelial cells by Cryptosporidium parvum triggers a variety of host-cell innate and adaptive immune responses including release of cytokines/chemokines and up-regulation of antimicrobial peptides. The mechanisms that trigger these host-cell responses are unclear. Thus, we evaluated the role of TLRs in host-cell responses during C. parvum(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic therapy is the preferred approach for the management of Barrett's esophagus (BE) patients with high-grade dysplasia (HGD) and intramucosal carcinoma (IMC). Little is known about outcome differences in patients with HGD versus IMC. OBJECTIVE To determine and compare the rate of recurrent dysplasia or neoplasia in patients with HGD or(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Barrett's esophagus (BE) with low-grade dysplasia (LGD) can progress to high-grade dysplasia (HGD) and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has been shown to be an effective treatment for LGD in clinical trials, but its effectiveness in clinical practice is unclear. We compared the rate of progression of LGD after(More)
BACKGROUND Self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) are accepted palliation for malignant colon obstruction. Outcomes of different stent types is unknown. OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to compare outcomes after palliative placement of the Enteral Wallstent (EW) and the Precision Colonic Ultraflex (PCU) stent. DESIGN Retrospective study of all SEMS placement(More)
Cryptosporidium exhibits a complex strategy to invade and establish productive infection sites, involving complimentary parasite and host cell processes. While the work regarding host cell actin remodeling has greatly enhanced our understanding of the molecular pathways involved in the parasite induced actin reorganization, the specific function of host(More)
Helicobacter pylori, bacteria that colonize the human gastric mucosa, possess a large number of genes for restriction-modification (R-M) systems, and essentially, every strain possesses a unique complement of functional and partial R-M systems. Nearly half of the H.pylori strains studied possess an active type IIs R-M system, HpyII, with the recognition(More)
Biliary cryptosporidiosis is associated with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) cholangiopathy and occurs almost exclusively in adult patients with AIDS. Infection of biliary epithelial cells (cholangiocytes) with Cryptosporidium parvum induces Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 expression and stimulates a TLR-dependent response against infection. Here, we(More)
Self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) are an established treatment for palliation of malignant colorectal strictures and as a bridge to surgery for acute malignant colonic obstruction. Patients with benign colonic strictures may benefit from stent placement, but little data exist for this indication. All cases of colonic stent placement identified from a(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies suggest that there is a substantial risk of perforation after colorectal stent placement. OBJECTIVE To identify risk factors for perforation from colonic stenting. DESIGN A meta-analysis of 86 studies published between 2005 and 2011. SETTING Multicenter review. PATIENTS All patients who underwent colorectal stent placement.(More)