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Glaciers in the tropical Andes have been rapidly losing mass since the 1970s. In addition to the documented increase in temperature, increases in light-absorbing particles deposited on glaciers could be contributing to the observed glacier loss. Here we report on measurements of light-absorbing particles sampled from glaciers during three surveys in the(More)
Neutron powder diffraction data were collected on a sample of natrolite and a 1:1 (v/v) mixture of perdeuterated methanol and water at a pressure of 1.87(11) GPa. The natrolite sample was superhydrated, with a water content double that observed at ambient pressure. All of the water deuterium atoms were located and the nature and extent of the hydrogen(More)
Combining information from time-resolved X-ray and neutron scattering with theoretical calculations has revealed the elegant mechanism whereby hydrogen crystalline silicotitanate (H-CST; H2Ti2SiO7 x 1.5 H2O) achieves its remarkable ion-exchange selectivity for cesium. Rather than a simple ion-for-ion displacement reaction into favorable sites, which has(More)
In our ongoing investigations of heteropolyniobate chemistry, a phase featuring decorated, A-type trivacant alpha-Keggin ions linked by their charge-balancing sodium cations has been isolated and structurally characterized. This is the first heteropolyniobate reported that has a true lacunary structure type. Na15[(PO2)3PNb9O34] x 22 H2O (1) [triclinic space(More)
A Nb-substituted titanium silicate with the sitinakite (NbTS) topology was exchanged with Sr(2+) to determine the mechanisms and pathways of ion diffusion through this mixed polyhedral nanoporous framework. The refined structural models yield unit cell parameters and atomic positions of Sr(2+) and suggest that there was a two-step process during cation(More)
The exchange of Cs(+) into H(1.22)K(0.84)ZrSi(3)O(9)·2.16H(2)O (umbite-(HK)) was followed in situ using time-resolved X-ray diffraction at the National Synchrotron Light Source. The umbite framework (space group P2(1)/c with cell dimensions of a = 7.2814(3) Å, b = 10.4201(4) Å, c = 13.4529(7) Å, and β = 90.53(1)°) consists of wollastonite-like silicate(More)
We report on the synthesis and structure of tribasic lead maleate hemihydrate ([Pb4O3]C2H2(CO2)2.(1/2)H2O, TRIMAL) and lead maleate (PbC2H2(CO2)2, PBMAL). The structure of [Pb4O3]C2H2(CO2)2.(1/2)H2O, solved ab initio from X-ray powder diffraction data, consists of infinite slabs of edge-sharing OPb4 tetrahedra, of composition [Pb4O3], running along the c(More)
A new potassium gallosilicate zeolite with a natrolite topology (approximate formula K8.2Ga8.2Si11.8O40.11.5H2O) was synthesized under hydrothermal conditions and characterized as a function of temperature using monochromatic synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction and Rietveld analyses. Unlike the previously known tetragonal K8Ga8Si12O40.6H2O phase, the(More)
The crystal structure of the selective Cs+ ion exchanger D1.6H0.4Ti2SiO7.D2.66H0.34O1.5, known as crystalline silicotitanate or CST, has been determined in both native (D-CST) and in the Cs+-exchanged forms ((Cs, D)-CST) from angle-dispersive and time-of-flight neutron diffraction studies. The final fully exchange Cs+ form transformed from D-CST with unit(More)
The title compound, lithium potassium dialuminium digermanium octaoxide dihydrate, (K,Li)-(Al,Ge)-GIS (GIS is gismondine), is the result of a 50% Li(+) exchange into the K-(Al,Ge)-GIS structure. The (K,Li)-(Al,Ge)-GIS structure was determined from a 4 x 4 x 2 micro m octahedral single crystal at the ESRF synchrotron X-ray source. The ion exchange results in(More)