Aaron H. Burstein

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In humans, somatosensory stimulation results in increased corticomotoneuronal excitability to the stimulated body parts. The purpose of this study was to investigate the underlying mechanisms. We recorded motor evoked potentials (MEPs) to transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) from abductor pollicis brevis (APB), first dorsal interosseous (FDI), and(More)
Herbal therapies are widely used, but there are few data on their interactions with conventional medications. This study evaluated the effect of garlic supplements on the pharmacokinetics of saquinavir. Ten healthy volunteers received 10 doses of saquinavir (Fortovase) at a dosage of 1200 mg 3 times daily with meals for 4 days on study days 1-4, 22-25, and(More)
Varenicline is a novel and selective alpha4beta2 nicotinic receptor partial agonist that is under development for smoking cessation. The primary objectives of this double-blind, placebo-controlled, single-dose, dose-escalation study were to determine the clinical pharmacology of single doses of varenicline in healthy smokers and nonsmokers under fed and(More)
St John's wort reduced the area under the curve of the HIV-1 protease inhibitor indinavir by a mean of 57% (SD 19) and decreased the extrapolated 8-h indinavir trough by 81% (16) in healthy volunteers. A reduction in indinavir exposure of this magnitude could lead to the development of drug resistance and treatment failure.
Aminoglycosides have previously been shown to suppress nonsense mutations, allowing translation of full-length proteins in vitro and in animal models. In the mdx mouse, where muscular dystrophy is due to a nonsense mutation in the dystrophin gene, gentamicin suppressed truncation of the protein and ameliorated the phenotype. A subset of patients with(More)
BACKGROUND St John's Wort is a widely used herbal product. Information regarding its potential for drug interactions is required for responsible treatment of patients using St John's Wort. CYP3A4 is a metabolic enzyme implicated in most clinically significant drug-drug interactions. OBJECTIVE To determine the in vivo effect of reagent-grade St John's Wort(More)
Varenicline is predominantly eliminated unchanged in urine, and active tubular secretion partially contributes to its renal elimination. Transporter inhibition assays using human embryonic kidney 293 cells transfected with human renal transporters demonstrated that high concentrations of varenicline inhibited substrate uptake by hOCT2 (IC(50)=890 microM),(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To characterize the pharmacokinetics of indinavir in the presence and absence of milk thistle and to determine the offset of any effect of milk thistle on indinavir disposition. DESIGN Prospective open-label drug interaction study. SETTING Outpatient clinic. SUBJECTS Ten healthy volunteers. Intervention. Blood samples were collected(More)
Varenicline tartrate (Chantix®/Champix®) is a selective partial agonist of the α(4)β(2) nicotinic acetylcholine receptor and is approved as an aid to smoking cessation. The usual oral dosage in adults is 1 mg twice daily for 12 weeks, with an initial titration week. Several clinical pharmacology studies have characterized the pharmacokinetics of varenicline(More)
Varenicline is a novel and selective alpha4beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor partial agonist developed for smoking cessation. The primary objectives of this double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-escalation study were to determine the pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of multiple oral doses of varenicline given as tablets once (1 mg, 2 mg, and(More)