Aaron D. Ward

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Medial representations of shapes are useful due to their use of an object-centered coordinate system that directly captures intuitive notions of shape such as thickness, bending, and elongation. However, it is well known that an object's medial axis transform (MAT) is unstable with respect to small perturbations of its boundary. This instability results in(More)
Radical prostatectomy is performed on approximately 40% of men with organ-confined prostate cancer. Pathologic information obtained from the prostatectomy specimen provides important prognostic information and guides recommendations for adjuvant treatment. The current pathology protocol in most centers involves primarily qualitative assessment. In this(More)
PURPOSE Prostate biopsy, performed using two-dimensional (2D) transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) guidance, is the clinical standard for a definitive diagnosis of prostate cancer. Histological analysis of the biopsies can reveal cancerous, noncancerous, or suspicious, possibly precancerous, tissue. During subsequent biopsy sessions, noncancerous regions should be(More)
PURPOSE To develop and evaluate a technique for the registration of in vivo prostate magnetic resonance (MR) images to digital histopathologic images by using image-guided specimen slicing based on strand-shaped fiducial markers relating specimen imaging to histopathologic examination. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was approved by the institutional(More)
PURPOSE Defining prostate cancer (PCa) lesion clinical target volumes (CTVs) for multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) could support focal boosting or treatment to improve outcomes or lower morbidity, necessitating appropriate CTV margins for mpMRI-defined gross tumor volumes (GTVs). This study aimed to identify CTV margins yielding 95%(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Rotator cuff disorders are prevalent and can cause pain and reduced range of motion and strength. Accurate, noninvasive diagnosis of rotator cuff disorders is therefore important. In this work, we study the relationship between several three-dimensional (3D) shape measurements of the supraspinatus and its pathologic conditions. The(More)
To ensure accurate targeting and repeatability, 3D TRUS-guided biopsies require registration to determine coordinate transformations to (1) incorporate pre-procedure biopsy plans and (2) compensate for inter-session prostate motion and deformation between repeat biopsy sessions. We evaluated prostate surface- and image-based 3D-to-3D TRUS registration by(More)
This paper is concerned with energy-based image segmentation problems. We introduce a general class of regional functionals defined as an arbitrary non-linear combination of regional unary terms. Such (high-order) functionals are very useful in vision and medical applications and some special cases appear in prior art. For example, our general class of(More)
C. Arnaboldi a,F. T. Avignone III b, J. Beeman c,d,M. Barucci e, M. Balata f,C. Brofferio a, C. Bucci f,S. Cebrian g, R. J. Creswick b,S. Capelli a, L. Carbone a,O. Cremonesi a, A. de Ward h,E. Fiorini a, H. A. Farach b,G. Frossati h, A. Giuliani i,D. Giugni a, P. Gorla a,E. E. Haller c,d, I. G. Irastorza g,R. J. McDonald c, A. Morales g,E. B. Norman c, P.(More)
Feasibility of utilizing human tumors as first transplant generation xenografts in the normal immunocompetent mouse for determining tumor sensitivity to chemotherapeutic agents was demonstrated by applying subrenal capsule (SRC) assay methodology to fresh surgical explants in a six-day time frame. A total of 37 human breast tumors were tested in assays in(More)