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PURPOSE Prostate biopsy, performed using two-dimensional (2D) transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) guidance, is the clinical standard for a definitive diagnosis of prostate cancer. Histological analysis of the biopsies can reveal cancerous, noncancerous, or suspicious, possibly precancerous, tissue. During subsequent biopsy sessions, noncancerous regions should be(More)
Medial representations of shapes are useful due to their use of an object-centered coordinate system that directly captures intuitive notions of shape such as thickness, bending, and elongation. However, it is well known that an object's medial axis transform (MAT) is unstable with respect to small perturbations of its boundary. This instability results in(More)
PURPOSE Benign computed tomography (CT) changes due to radiation induced lung injury (RILI) are common following stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) and can be difficult to differentiate from tumor recurrence. The authors measured the ability of CT image texture analysis, compared to more traditional measures of response, to predict eventual cancer(More)
Radical prostatectomy is performed on approximately 40% of men with organ-confined prostate cancer. Pathologic information obtained from the prostatectomy specimen provides important prognostic information and guides recommendations for adjuvant treatment. The current pathology protocol in most centers involves primarily qualitative assessment. In this(More)
PURPOSE Prostate biopsy is the clinical standard for the definitive diagnosis of prostate cancer. To overcome the limitations of 2D TRUS-guided biopsy systems when targeting preplanned locations, systems have been developed with 3D guidance to improve the accuracy of cancer detection. Prostate deformation due to needle insertion and biopsy gun firing is a(More)
BACKGROUND Changes in lung density on computed tomography (CT) are common after stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) and can confound the early detection of recurrence. We performed a systematic review to describe post-SABR findings on computed tomography (CT) and positron-emission tomography (PET), identify imaging characteristics that predict(More)
BACKGROUND Targeted health promotion requires an identifiable subpopulation which is accessible, at increased risk, receptive to input, and receptive to change. Relatives of recently diagnosed cancer patients may meet these criteria and have not previously been investigated as recipients of preventive education regarding smoking and diet. METHODS This(More)
PURPOSE Three-dimensional (3D) transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided systems have been developed to improve targeting accuracy during prostate biopsy. However, prostate motion during the procedure is a potential source of error that can cause target misalignments. The authors present an image-based registration technique to compensate for prostate motion by(More)
BACKGROUND Positron emission tomography (PET or combined PET-computed tomography (PET/CT)) allows the non-invasive interrogation of metabolic processes using radiolabeled probes. Altered choline metabolism has been noted as a characteristic of prostate cancer (PCa), and radiolabeled choline and choline analogs have been investigated as PET/CT imaging agents(More)
Prostate biopsy is the clinical standard for the diagnosis of prostate cancer, and technologies for 3D guidance to targets and recording of biopsy locations are promising approaches to reducing the need for repeated biopsies. In this study, we use image-based non-rigid registration to quantify prostate deformation during needle insertion and biopsy gun(More)