Aaron C. Jacobs

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Toxicology and carcinogenesis studies of benzene (CAS No. 71-43-2; greater than 99.7% pure) were conducted in groups of 60 F344/N rats and 60 B6C3F1 mice of each sex for each of three exposure doses and vehicle controls. These composite studies on benzene were designed and conducted because of large production volume and widespread human exposure, because(More)
The C4'-oxidized abasic site (C4-AP) is produced in DNA as a result of oxidative stress. A recent report suggests that this lesion forms interstrand cross-links. Using duplexes in which C4-AP is produced from a synthetic precursor, we show that the lesion produces interstrand cross-links in which both strands are in tact and cross-links in which the C4-AP(More)
The DNA interstrand cross-link (ICL) resulting from the C4'-oxidized abasic site (C4-AP) is a unique clustered lesion comprised of a cross-link adjacent to a nick. The ICL is a substrate for the UvrABC nucleotide excision repair system. The strand containing the nick is preferentially incised, but the nick influences the cleavage sites. Moreover, in(More)
The C4'-oxidized abasic site (C4-AP) is a commonly formed DNA lesion, which generates two types of interstrand cross-links (ICLs). The kinetically favored cross-link consists of two full length strands and forms reversibly and exclusively with dA. Cross-link formation is attributed to condensation of C4-AP with the N6-amino group of dA. Formation of the(More)
RNA oxidation is important in the etiology of disease and as a tool for studying the structure and folding kinetics of this biopolymer. Nucleobase radicals are the major family of reactive intermediates produced in RNA exposed to diffusible species such as hydroxyl radical. The nucleobase radicals are believed to produce direct strand breaks by abstracting(More)
Following the formation of oxidatively-induced DNA damage, several DNA glycosylases are required to initiate repair of the base lesions that are formed. Recently, NEIL1 and other DNA glycosylases, including OGG1 and NTH1 were identified as potential targets in combination chemotherapeutic strategies. The potential therapeutic benefit for the inhibition of(More)
Nucleobase radicals are the major reactive intermediates produced when hydroxyl radical reacts with nucleic acids. 5,6-Dihydrouridin-6-yl radical (1) was independently generated from a ketone precursor via Norrish Type I photocleavage in a dinucleotide, single-stranded, and double-stranded RNA. This radical is a model of the major hydroxyl radical adduct of(More)
The C4'-oxidized abasic site (C4-AP), which is produced by a variety of damaging agents, has significant consequences for DNA. The lesion is highly mutagenic and reactive, resulting in interstrand cross-links. The base excision repair of DNA containing independently generated C4-AP was examined. C4-AP is incised by Ape1 ~12-fold less efficiently than an(More)
Apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) sites are constantly formed in cellular DNA due to instability of the glycosidic bond, particularly at purines and various oxidized, alkylated, or otherwise damaged nucleobases. AP sites are also generated by DNA glycosylases that initiate DNA base excision repair. These lesions represent a significant block to DNA replication and(More)
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