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This report describes recommended techniques for radiopharmaceutical biodistribution data acquisition and analysis in human subjects to estimate radiation absorbed dose using the Medical Internal Radiation Dose (MIRD) schema. The document has been prepared in a format to address two audiences: individuals with a primary interest in designing clinical trials(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively evaluate the elastographic appearance of thyroid gland tumors and explore the potential sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonographic (US) elastography for differentiating benign and malignant tumors, with histopathologic analysis as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was institutional review board approved,(More)
BACKGROUND The Chornobyl accident in 1986 exposed thousands of people to radioactive iodine isotopes, particularly (131)I; this exposure was followed by a large increase in thyroid cancer among those exposed as children and adolescents, particularly in Belarus, the Russian Federation, and Ukraine. Here we report the results of the first cohort study of(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively estimate the accuracy of sonoelastography in the differentiation of benign and metastatic cervical lymph nodes (LNs) in patients suspected of having thyroid or hypopharyngeal cancer, with histologic nodal findings as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study protocol was approved by the hospital review board; each(More)
UNLABELLED Renal toxicity associated with small-molecule radionuclide therapy has been shown to be dose-limiting for many clinical studies. Strategies for maximizing dose to the target tissues while sparing normal critical organs based on absorbed dose and biologic response parameters are commonly used in external-beam therapy. However, radiopharmaceuticals(More)
The potential of alpha-particle emitters to treat cancer has been recognized since the early 1900s. Advances in the targeted delivery of radionuclides and radionuclide conjugation chemistry, and the increased availability of alpha-emitters appropriate for clinical use, have recently led to patient trials of radiopharmaceuticals labeled with alpha-particle(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the elastic moduli of thyroid tissues under uniaxial compression and to establish the biomechanical fundamentals for accurate interpretation of thyroid elastograms. A total of 67 thyroid samples (24 samples of normal thyroid tissue, 2 samples of thyroid tissue with chronic thyroiditis, 12 samples of adenomatous goiter(More)
The pulmonary vascular endothelial cell plays an important role in the uptake of circulating biogenic amines. In cultured adrenomedullary cells, metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) and norepinephrine (NE) are taken up by the same sodium-dependent active transport system. To examine whether a similar process occurs in the lung, the mechanism of single pass(More)
The thyroid gland in children is one of the organs that is most sensitive to external exposure to X and gamma rays. However, data on the risk of thyroid cancer in children after exposure to radioactive iodines are sparse. The Chornobyl accident in Ukraine in 1986 led to the exposure of large populations to radioactive iodines, particularly (131)I. This(More)