Aaro J. Jalkanen

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Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) is a ubiquitous post-proline cleaving enzyme that is highly expressed in brain. Current knowledge about the biochemical features of POP and the pharmacological action of its specific inhibitors has indicated that POP participates in several aspects of the central nervous system (CNS), including learning, memory and mood.(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) is a serine protease that specifically hydrolyses small peptides at the carboxyl end of the proline residue. POP has gained pharmaceutical interest, since its inhibitors have been shown to have antiamnesic properties in rat. We examined the effect of the 2(S)-substituents CN and COCH(2)OH at the P1 site of the parent inhibitors(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) is a serine endopeptidase which hydrolyses proline-containing peptides shorter than 30-mer. POP is believed to be associated with cognitive functions via neuropeptide cleavage. POP has been also connected to the inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP(3)) signalling but the effects of POP-inhibition to the IP(3) accumulation in vivo are(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) controls the entry of xenobiotics into the brain. Often the development of central nervous system drugs needs to be terminated because of their poor brain uptake. We describe a way to achieve large neutral amino acid transporter (LAT1)-mediated drug transport into the rat brain. We conjugated ketoprofen to an amino acid(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase (PREP, EC 3.4.21.26) hydrolyzes neuropeptides, such as neurotensin and substance P in vitro, but its importance in the in vivo metabolism of these peptides has not been proved. This is the first report where intracerebral microdialysis combined with highly sensitive radioimmunoassay has been used to investigate the effect of PREP(More)
Recent studies have indicated that specific prolyl oligopeptidase (PREP) inhibitors can modulate inflammation, angiogenesis and neurodegeneration. As most diseases that may be potential targets for PREP inhibitors are being modelled in mice, it is essential to evaluate the pharmacological properties of investigative PREP inhibitors in mice. This study(More)
The effects of a novel prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) inhibitor KYP-2047 on spatial memory of young (3-month-old) and old (8- to 9-month-old) scopolamine-treated rats (0.4 mg/kg intraperitoneally) was investigated in the Morris water maze. In addition, the concentrations of promnesic neuropeptide substrates of POP, substance P and neurotensin in various brain(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative movement disorder primarily affecting the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system. The link between heightened activity of glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) and neurodegene-rative processes has encouraged investigation into the potential disease-modifying effects of novel GSK3β inhibitors in(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase (PREP) inhibitors are potential drug candidates for the treatment of neurological disorders, but little is known about their ability to cross the blood-brain barrier and to reach the target site. This study characterizes brain pharmacokinetics of two potent PREP inhibitors, JTP-4819 and KYP-2047. Firstly, the in vitro permeability(More)
Ganciclovir (GCV) is an essential part of the Herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-tk) gene therapy of malignant gliomas. The purpose of this study was to investigate the brain pharmacokinetics and tumor uptake of GCV in the BT4C rat gliomamodel. GCV’s brain and tumor uptakes were investigated by in vivo microdialysis in rats with orthotopic BT4C(More)