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Postnatal cardiac remodeling is characterized by a marked decrease in the insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) and IGF1 receptor (IGF1R) expression. The underlying mechanism remains unexplored. This study examined the role of microRNAs in postnatal cardiac remodeling. By expression profiling, we observed a 10-fold increase in miR-378 expression in 1-week-old(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the impact of modern postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) on overall survival (OS) for patients with N2 non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated nationally with surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with pathologic N2 NSCLC who underwent complete resection and adjuvant chemotherapy from 2006 to 2010 were(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to examine whether the delta (delta) opioid receptor isoform is expressed in the human heart and whether this receptor improves contractile function after hypoxic/reoxygenation injury. BACKGROUND Delta opioid receptor agonists mimic preconditioning (PC) in rat myocardium, corresponding to known cardiac delta(More)
1. Noradrenaline (NA), which is abundantly released during heat stress (HS), is known to induce both delayed cardioprotection and heat stress protein (HSP) 72 expression by the mediation of alpha, adrenoceptors. Therefore, we have investigated the implication of alpha1 adrenoceptors in HS-induced resistance to myocardial infarction, in the isolated rat(More)
BACKGROUND The role of multimodality therapy in stage IIIB non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains inadequately studied. Although chemoradiation is currently the mainstay of treatment, randomized trials evaluating surgical intervention are lacking, and resection is offered selectively. METHODS Data from patients with clinical stage IIIB NSCLC (T4N2 or(More)
OBJECTIVE To study causes and implications of intraoperative conversion to thoracotomy during video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy. METHODS We performed an institutional review of patients undergoing lobectomy for known or suspected lung cancer with root cause analysis of every conversion from VATS to open thoracotomy. RESULTS Between(More)
BACKGROUND This study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of combination chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgical intervention (CRS) vs definitive chemotherapy and radiotherapy (CR) in clinical stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients at academic and nonacademic centers. METHODS Patients with clinical stage IIIA NSCLC receiving CR or CRS from(More)
OBJECTIVE Protection conferred by heat stress (HS) against ischaemia-reperfusion injury, in term of mechanical function and myocardial necrosis, has been extensively studied. In contrast, the effects of disease states on this HS-induced cytoprotective response are less known. Therefore, we investigated the effects of prior heat stress on the infarct size in(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac harvest teams are usually committed to immediately transfer the explanted donor heart into its cold storage solution. We tested the opposite hypothesis that a brief prestorage episode of heat-enhanced ischemic preconditioning could be protective. METHODS Fifty-three isolated isovolumic rat hearts underwent 4 hours of cold (4 degrees C)(More)