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In this Letter, we demonstrate a biocompatible microscale optical device fabricated from agarose hydrogel that allows for encapsulation of cells inside an optical waveguide. This allows for better interaction between the light in the waveguide and biology, since it can interact with the direct optical mode rather than the evanescent field. We characterize(More)
Optofluidics is a rapidly advancing field that utilizes the integration of optics and microfluidics to provide a number of novel functionalities in microsystems. In this review, we discuss how this approach can potentially be applied to address some of the greatest challenges facing both the developing and developed world, including healthcare, food(More)
Being able to detect and recognize human activities is essential for 3D collaborative applications for efficient quality of service provisioning and device management. A broad range of research has been devoted to analyze media data to identify human activity, which requires the knowledge of data format, application-specific coding technique and(More)
In this work, an ultracompact algal photobioreactor that alleviates the problem of non-optimal light distribution in current algae photobioreactor systems, by incorporating stacked layers of slab waveguides with embedded light scatterers, is presented. Poor light distribution in traditional photobioreactor systems, due to self-shading effects, is(More)
Compact algal reactors are presented with: (1) closely stacked layers of waveguides to decrease light-path to enable larger optimal light-zones; (2) waveguides containing scatterers to uniformly distribute light; and (3) hollow fiber membranes to reduce energy required for gas transfer. The reactors are optimized by characterizing the aeration of different(More)
In view of the necessity of activity analysis on Gbps-scale 3D Tele-Immersive (3DTI) content bundle and petabyte-scale 3DTI recordings, this work proposes and verifies the feasibility of replacing high-latency intrusive analysis with light-weighted metadata-based analysis. For real-time in-session use case, result shows that metadata-based analysis module,(More)
Production of competitive microalgal biofuels requires development of high volumetric productivity photobioreactors (PBRs) capable of supporting high-density cultures. Maximal biomass density supported by the current PBRs is limited by nonuniform distribution of light as a result of self-shading effects. We recently developed a thin-light-path stacked(More)
In this paper, we propose Nutrilyzer, a novel mobile sensing system for characterizing the nutrients and detecting adulterants in liquid food with the photoacoustic effect. By listening to the sound of the intensity modulated light or electromagnetic wave with different wavelengths, our mobile photoacoustic sensing system captures unique spectra produced by(More)
Result diversification is an important aspect in web-based search, document summarization, facility location , portfolio management and other applications. Given a set of ranked results for a set of objects (e.g. web documents, facilities, etc.) with a distance between any pair, the goal is to select a subset S satisfying the following three criteria: (a)(More)
Compact waveguide-based photobioreactors with high surface area-to-volume ratios and optimum light-management strategies have been developed to achieve high volumetric productivities within algal cultures. The light-managing strategies have focused on optimizing sunlight collection, sunlight filtration, and light delivery throughout the entire bioreactor(More)
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