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The val allele of the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) val(158)met polymorphism has been linked with nicotine dependence and with cognitive performance in healthy volunteers. We tested the hypothesis that the val allele is a risk factor for altered brain function and cognition during nicotine abstinence as compared with the normal smoking state. Chronic(More)
RATIONALE The endogenous opioid system has been implicated in substance abuse and response to pharmacotherapies for nicotine and alcohol addiction. We examined (1) the association of the functional OPRM1 A118G variant with the relative reinforcing value of nicotine and (2) the main and interacting effects of the mu-opioid receptor antagonist naltrexone on(More)
Nicotine dependence has been linked to attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in both clinical and general populations. This behavioural pharmacology study used a within-subject, double-blind, crossover design to test the effects of atomoxetine, a medication for ADHD, on nicotine abstinence symptoms. Fifty non treatment-seeking smokers(More)
Anti-smoking public service announcements (PSAs) often use persuasive arguments to attempt to influence attitudes about smoking. The persuasiveness of a PSA has previously been associated with factors that influence the cognitive processing of its message. Genetic factors that influence cognitive processing might thus affect individuals' responses to the(More)
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